|Born||1945 (age 72–73)
Nabil Lahlou (born 1945 in Fes, Morocco) is a Moroccan theater director, author and actor, known for being an innovative theater and film director, and is considered one of the most influential Moroccan theater directors of the 1980s.
He studied theater in Paris at Académie du Théâtre de la Rue Blanche and L'Ecole Charles Dullin, and later taught at Kordj-el-Kifane (Algeria). He wrote plays in both French and Arabic; among his French plays are Ophélie n'est pas morte (Ophelia is Not Dead) (1969) and Schrischamtury (1975), and among his Arabic Les Milliandaires (The Millionaires) (1968), Les tortues (The Turtles) (1970), and Asseyez-vous sur les cadavres (Sit on Corpses) (1974). His first medium length film was Les mortes (The Dead) (1975), while his first feature-length film was Al Kanfoudi (1978).
Lahlou directed his first play al-Sa"aa in Morocco in 1965, then left to study in France, returning in 1970.
Many of his works modify Shakesphere to reflect post-colonial Morocco. Written in 1968, his play Ophélie n'est pas morte was influenced from the Shakespearean, with its title being a reference to Shakespeare's Ophelia. Supported financially by the Morocco Ministry of Culture, it was first performed in 1969 by Lahlou's 'University Theater Companies'. Within the play, the two different Shaksphere characters of Hamlet and Macbeth are presented in a micro drama with the characters voluntarily paralyzed and their acting confined by the use of crutches or wheelchairs. His production of al-Salahef (The Turtles) was considered a breakthrough.
He wrote, directed and starred in several different Moroccan films, beginning with Les mortes (1975) and then Al Kanfoudi (1978), and following with Le Gouverneur General de L ile Chakerbakerben (1980), and Brahim Yash (1981).
- Les mortes (1975)
- Al Kanfoudi (1978)
- Al-hakim al-'Am (1980)
- Le Gouverneur General de L ile Chakerbakerben (1980)
- Brahim Yash (1982)
- Nahiq al-Ruh (1984)
- Komany (1988)
- Laylat Qatl (1992)
- Don Rubin; Ghassan Maleh (1999). The world encyclopedia of contemporary theatre (illustrated, reprint ed.). Taylor & Francis. p. 175. ISBN 9780415059329. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- Leaman, Oliver (2001). Companion encyclopedia of Middle Eastern and North African film (illustrated ed.). Taylor & Francis. p. 487. ISBN 9780415187039. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- Amine, Khalid; Comparative Literature and Performance Studies, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetuan, Morocco. "Moroccan Shakespeare: From Moors to Moroccans". postcolonialweb.org. Abdelmalek Essaadi University. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- Berrchid, Abdelkrim. imruu ?al-qays f'ba'ri'z (Imruu Al-Qais in Paris), Rabat, Editions Stouki, 1982.
- Berrchid, Abdelkrim. [OTayl wal-Xayl wal-ba'ru'd] (Otheil, Horses and Gunpowder) , Casablanca: at-taqafa Al-Jadida, 1975. (play was first performed in 1975-6 by theatrical company at-ta'si's al-masrahiya' of Casablanca and directed by Ibrahim Ouarda.)
- Calderwood, James L. (1983). To be and Not to be: Negation and Metadrama in Hamlet. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231056281. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- Hélène Cixous; Catherine Clément; Sandra M. Gilbert; Betsy Wing (1987). The Newly Born Woman (illustrated ed.). I.B.Tauris. ISBN 9781860641374. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- "Al Kanfoudi". africultures.com (in French). Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- Association des trois mondes, Festival panafricain du cinéma et de la télévision de Ouagadougou, Association des trois mondes Paris (2000). Les cinémas d'Afrique: dictionnaire (in French). KARTHALA Editions. pp. 284–285. ISBN 9782845860605. Retrieved June 11, 2009.
- Armes, Roy (2008). Dictionnaire des cinéastes africains de long métrage (in French). KARTHALA Editions. pp. 241–244. ISBN 9782845869585.