Nancy Cárdenas (29 May 1934 – 23 March 1994) was a Mexican actor and writer. She was a playwright and one of the first Mexican people to publicly declare her homosexuality.
Born in Parras de la Fuente, Coahuila, Cárdenas earned a doctorate in Philosophy and Letters at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, studied staging at Yale University in the United States and took courses in Polish language and culture in Łódź.
Radio, theater and cinema
Nancy Cárdenas began as a radio announcer at the age of 20 years, then became a stage actress. In the 1950s she participated in the reading program, Poesía en Voz Alta ("Poetry Out Loud"), directed by Héctor Mendoza.
In the 1960s she switched to writing. She published her first one-act play, El cántaro seco (The Empty Pitcher), and began a career as a journalist for various magazines and on the culture pages of various newspapers.
In 1970 she worked as a theater director on El efecto de los rayos gamma sobre las caléndulas (The Effect of Gamma Rays on Marigolds), which won the Association of Theatre Critics Prize. She directed several successful plays, displaying certain political implications. She also devoted herself to film: she wrote, along with Carlos Monsiváis, a documentary, México de mis amores, for the cinema, which she directed herself in 1979.
At age 39, Cárdenas became the first publicly declared lesbian in Mexico when, revealed her sexuality on the TV show 24 horas hosted by James Zabludovsky, during an interview about the firing of a gay employee. In the 1970s, she pioneered the gay liberation movement in Mexico, elaborating on the subject in several television interviews.
She founded, in 1974, the first gay organization in Mexico, the Gay Liberation Front (FLH), of which she was a committed activist. As a feminist and sexology specialist she also held numerous conferences, seminars and national and international television interviews on the subject. In 1975, along with Carlos Monsiváis, she wrote the Manifesto in Defense of Homosexuals in Mexico. On October 2, 1978, during the march in commeoration of the Tlatelolco massacre, she headed the first gay pride march in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas.
A center for gay and lesbian activities was named in her honor: the Nancy Cárdenas Latin American and Mexican Lesbian Documentation and Historical Archives Center (CDAHL).
- México de mis amores (1979) (direction and photography - director with Carlos Monsiváis)
- El cántaro seco (The Empty Pitcher)
- Y la maestra bebe un poco (And the teacher drinks a bit)
- Los chicos de la banda de Matt Crowley (adaptation of Matt Crowley's Boys in the Band)
- Cuarteto (Foursome)
- Misterio bufo (Bouffe Mystery )
- La hiedra (Ivy)
- La casa de muñecas de Henrik Ibsen (Henrik Ibsen's Doll House)
- El pozo de la soledad de Radclyffe Hall (Radclyffe Hall's Well of Loneliness)
- Sida.... así es la vida (AIDS .... such is life)
- Cuaderno de amor y desamor (1968-1993) (Book of love and hate)
- Cervantes, Erika (2004). "Hacedoras de la Historia: Nancy Cárdenas". Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Gianoulis, Tina. "Cárdenas, Nancy (1934-1994)". Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Ávila, Livio (May 29, 2011). "Nancy Cárdenas: La mujer que cambió a México". Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Anodis.com (30 March 2004). "Nancy Cárdenas a 10 diez años de su muerte". Archived from the original on 31 October 2005. Retrieved 25 May 2012.