The term ne'er-do-well was used in the nineteenth-century Australasian colonies to denote young British and Irish men seen as undesirable. These men were typically thought to be the younger sons of wealthy families who had somehow failed to fulfil their potential, so they were sent to the colonies to 'improve' themselves. Sometimes called 'remittance men' because they relied on payments from their families, colonists feared that these men typically spent this money on drinking and gambling so were a threat to the natural order of society.
From the mid-nineteenth century the term started to appear in migrant accounts, travel journals and reformist tracts. In 1851 George Hepburn wrote a diary throughout his voyage to Dunedin. He described the 'would be gentlemen' on board who drank constantly as 'scamps who acted the tomfoolery'. Some writers advised against these types of men from emigrating such as Charles Flinders Hursthouse who warned that the 'idle ne'er-do-well' should stay at home, because were 'far above work, and far beneath it'.
When, in 1873, the New Zealand Government introduced the Imbeciles Passengers Act, Colonial Secretary Daniel Pollen described this legislation as necessary due to the increasing numbers of 'half-scamps, half-lunatics' sent to the colony by friends and family. Pollen warned that this practice has led to the 'large proportion of lunatics' who needed costly maintenance in institutions. This appears to be a direct political response to the anxiety about the numbers of ne'er-do-wells arriving in New Zealand in this period.
- "The Ideal Society and its Enemies: The Foundations of Modern New Zealand Society 1850–1900 by Miles Fairburn - Books - Auckland University Press - The University of Auckland". www.press.auckland.ac.nz. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- "ENZB - 1857 - Hursthouse, C. New Zealand, or Zealandia, the Britain of the South [Vol.I.] - [Front Matter]". www.enzb.auckland.ac.nz. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- "Imbecile Passengers Act 1873 (37 Victoriae 1873 No 70)". www.nzlii.org. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- Kain, Jennifer (2016-09-25). "The Ne'er-do-well: Representing the Dysfunctional Migrant Mind, New Zealand 1850–1910". Studies in the Literary Imagination. 48 (1): 75–92. doi:10.1353/sli.2015.0005. ISSN 2165-2678.