São Tomé grosbeak

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São Tomé grosbeak
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Genus: Crithagra
Swainson, 1827
Species: C. concolor
Binomial name
Crithagra concolor
(Bocage, 1888)

Neospiza concolor

The São Tomé grosbeak (Crithagra concolor) is the largest member of the Crithagra genus of canaries[2] and possesses a massive bill for a member of that genus. It is endemic to the island of São Tomé.

For a long period this bird was known only from three nineteenth-century specimens. It was rediscovered in 1991. The current population is estimated at less than 50. The main threat is habitat destruction.

The São Tomé grosbeak was formerly placed in the genus Neospiza (meaning "new finch"[2]) but was assigned to the genus Crithagra based on a phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences.[3][4]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Neospiza concolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Sekar, Sandhya (5 April 2017). "World's largest canary discovered on island of giants and dwarfs". New Scientist. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Zuccon, Dario; Prŷs-Jones, Robert; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2012). "The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 581–596. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002. PMID 22023825. 

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