Never Before (album)
|Compilation album by The Byrds|
|Released||December 1, 1987|
|Recorded||January 20, 1965 – November 13, 1967, Columbia Studios and RCA Studios, Hollywood, CA|
|Genre||Rock, pop, folk rock, psychedelic rock, raga rock|
|Label||Re-Flyte, Murray Hill|
|Producer||Jim Dickson, Terry Melcher, Allen Stanton, Gary Usher, The Byrds|
|The Byrds chronology|
Never Before is a compilation album by the American rock band The Byrds, consisting of previously unreleased outtakes, alternate versions, and rarities. It was initially released by Re-Flyte Records in December 1987 and was subsequently reissued on CD in 1989, with an additional seven bonus tracks. Never Before consists of material recorded between 1965 and 1967 by the original line-up of The Byrds, featuring Roger McGuinn, Gene Clark, David Crosby, Chris Hillman, and Michael Clarke (although Gene Clark had left the group by early 1966). The songs on the album were all originally recorded for Columbia Records during the sessions for The Byrds' first five studio albums: Mr. Tambourine Man, Turn! Turn! Turn!, Fifth Dimension, Younger Than Yesterday, and The Notorious Byrd Brothers. The album represented the first time that previously unreleased outtakes from The Byrds' tenure with Columbia Records had been officially released.
Conception and production
The album's genesis can be traced back to the early 1980s, when folk singer and friend of Gene Clark, Tom Slocum, stumbled across a cache of forgotten Byrds' recordings in the tape library at Wally Heider Studios in Los Angeles. According to Slocum, these tapes included early versions of "Eight Miles High" and "Why" that had been recorded at RCA Studios in late 1965, along with the outtakes "Triad" and "The Day Walk (Never Before)". Slocum immediately notified The Byrds' former manager, Jim Dickson, of his discovery and before long, Dickson had involved Bob Hyde of Murray Hill Records, with an eye to producing an archival compilation album.
Although The Byrds had disbanded in 1973, Hyde felt sure that there was a market for a collection like Never Before, due to the renewed interest in the band that had been generated by their influence on the likes of R.E.M., The Smiths, and The Bangles during the 1980s. Hyde retained Dickson's help in the project as a way of ensuring that the album would have the blessing of the ex-members of The Byrds and, in some cases, their active participation in enhancing the material. Following the initial discovery at Wally Heider Studios, a thorough search of the Columbia Records' tape vaults ensued and additional unreleased material dating from the mid-1960s was unearthed. Dickson and Hyde then set about compiling a ten track running order comprising the best of the available tapes. Dickson also elected to remix the chosen songs with the help of Lawrence Wendelken, in an attempt to improve the fidelity of the recordings.
Two of Crosby's compositions on the album benefitted from the addition of newly recorded overdubs, performed by ex-members of The Byrds in an attempt to further polish the material. "It Happens Each Day", an outtake from the Younger Than Yesterday sessions, had been abandoned in an incomplete state during the 1960s and as a result, it required further instrumental embellishment to prepare it for release. The new enhancements to "It Happens Each Day" included a striking acoustic guitar solo, played by The Byrds' bassist, Chris Hillman. Crosby's controversial ode to a potential ménage à trois, "Triad", also required additional work after a problem with the lead vocal track was discovered. The problem was solved by having Crosby re-sing one line but according to Dickson, the substitution was so precise that it is virtually undetectable.
Among the wealth of previously unreleased material included on the album, two songs came from the pen of Gene Clark. Of these, "She Has a Way" was an outtake from the Mr. Tambourine Man sessions that had previously appeared in demo form on the Preflyte album, while "Never Before" was a Dylanesque song that had been discarded during the recording of the band's second album. The title of this latter song was coined by Clark in 1987, due to his inability to recall its original title. Ultimately, the song provided the album with its name but in the years following the release of Never Before, studio documentation was discovered that revealed that the song's original title had, in fact, been "The Day Walk". As a result, all subsequent appearances of the song on Byrds' compilation albums have borne the title "The Day Walk (Never Before)".
Early versions of "Eight Miles High" and "Why" also made their debut on the album. These two tracks had both been recorded at RCA Studios in Los Angeles on December 22, 1965, for release as part of The Byrds' third album. However, the band ran into trouble with Columbia Records, who refused to release the recordings, due to them having been produced at another company's studios. As a result, The Byrds were forced to re-record both songs at Columbia Studios in Los Angeles on January 24 and 25, 1966, and it was these re-recorded versions that were released as a single and, in the case of "Eight Miles High", included on the Fifth Dimension album. In later years, both McGuinn and Crosby expressed a preference towards the original RCA version of "Eight Miles High" over the more famous Columbia recording, with both band members feeling that it was more spontaneous sounding. The album also included a rough sounding cover of Bob Dylan's "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue" that had initially been recorded as a potential third single for the band, during sessions for the Turn! Turn! Turn! album.
As well as featuring previously unreleased material, Never Before also included some of the band's more familiar songs presented in newly prepared stereo mixes. The band's debut single, "Mr. Tambourine Man", and its B-side, "I Knew I'd Want You", both received a new stereo remix, as did Crosby's song "Lady Friend". However, this latter track also received the addition of newly overdubbed drums, courtesy of an unnamed session musician. Having only ever been released in mono, both Hyde and Dickson wanted to take the opportunity to issue "Lady Friend" in stereo for the first time on Never Before. However, Michael Clarke's drumming on the track was not deemed strong enough to stand being exposed by the new stereo mix and so, a session drummer was brought in to give the track a more powerful drum sound. This newly overdubbed drum part proved to be controversial amongst fans of the band, however, with many feeling that the addition of modern sounding drums (by 1980's standards) was completely inappropriate and incongruous. As a result, this doctored version of "Lady Friend" has not been included on any subsequent release by The Byrds and remains unique to Never Before.
Never Before was released on December 1, 1987 by Re-Flyte Records (a specially created imprint of Murray Hill) as a vinyl LP and a cassette tape. Upon release it was generally well received, garnering far more attention in the music press than contemporary solo releases by the individual ex-members of The Byrds. The album was later reissued on CD by Murray Hill on May 1, 1989 with the addition of seven bonus tracks dating from the same 1965–1967 period. Like the original album, the bonus tracks were all newly remixed but this time the remixing was undertaken by Ken Robertson and Roger McGuinn, rather than Dickson and Wendelken. Included among the bonus tracks were the previously unreleased outtakes "I Know My Rider (I Know You Rider)", "Psychodrama City", "Flight 713", and "Moog Raga". In addition, new stereo remixes of the non-album B-sides "Why", "She Don't Care About Time", and "Don't Make Waves" were included. Two Chris Hillman penned songs were dropped from the track listing of the expanded CD reissue just prior to its release. The first of these was a new stereo remix of "Have You Seen Her Face", which eventually appeared on The Byrds box set in 1990, and the second was a version of "Old John Robertson" featuring newly recorded Mandolin overdubs. As of 2015, this augmented version of "Old John Robertson" remains unavailable.
In the years since its release, many of the tracks that first appeared on Never Before have been included on subsequent Byrds' releases, most notably on the expanded Columbia/Legacy album reissues and the box sets The Byrds and There Is a Season. Two tracks that have not appeared on any other release, however, are the stereo remix of "Lady Friend", featuring newly recorded drumming, and The Notorious Byrd Brothers outtake "Flight 713". Never Before is currently out of print but remains sought after by Byrds collectors due to the presence of these two tracks.
- "Mr. Tambourine Man" [previously unreleased stereo mix] (Bob Dylan) – 2:19
- "I Knew I'd Want You" [new stereo mix] (Gene Clark) – 2:18
- "She Has a Way" [previously unreleased] (Gene Clark) – 2:32
- "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue" [previously unreleased] (Bob Dylan) – 2:59
- "Never Before" [previously unreleased] (Gene Clark) – 3:03
- "Eight Miles High" [previously unreleased alternate take] (Gene Clark, Roger McGuinn, David Crosby) – 3:22
- "Why" [previously unreleased alternate take] (Roger McGuinn, David Crosby) – 2:43
- "Triad" [previously unreleased] (David Crosby) – 3:32
- "It Happens Each Day" [previously unreleased] (David Crosby) – 2:37
- "Lady Friend" (David Crosby) – 2:33
1989 CD reissue bonus tracks
- "I Know My Rider (I Know You Rider)" [previously unreleased] (traditional, arranged Roger McGuinn, Gene Clark, David Crosby) – 2:49
- "Why" (Single Version) [previously unreleased stereo mix] (Roger McGuinn, David Crosby) – 3:03
- "She Don't Care About Time" [previously unreleased stereo mix] (Gene Clark) – 2:31
- "Flight 713" (Instrumental) [previously unreleased] (Roger McGuinn, Chris Hillman) – 2:36
- "Psychodrama City" [previously unreleased] (David Crosby) – 2:22
- "Don't Make Waves" (Single Version) [previously unreleased stereo mix] (Roger McGuinn, Chris Hillman) – 1:37
- "Moog Raga" (Instrumental) [previously unreleased] (Roger McGuinn) – 2:55
- "Never Before review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- Rogan, Johnny. (1998). The Byrds: Timeless Flight Revisited (2nd ed.). Rogan House. p. 548. ISBN 0-9529540-1-X.
- Rogan, Johnny. (1998). The Byrds: Timeless Flight Revisited (2nd ed.). Rogan House. pp. 417–422. ISBN 0-9529540-1-X.
- "Never Before". ByrdWatcher: A Field Guide to the Byrds of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- Hyde, Bob. (1989). Never Before (1989 CD liner notes).
- Einarson, John. (2005). Mr. Tambourine Man: The Life And Legacy Of The Byrds' Gene Clark. Backbeat Books. p. 272. ISBN 0-87930-793-5.
- "The Rhino Records Story". Both Sides Now Publications' Home Page. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- Rogan, Johnny. (1996). Younger Than Yesterday (1996 CD liner notes).
- Einarson, John. (2005). Mr. Tambourine Man: The Life And Legacy Of The Byrds' Gene Clark. Backbeat Books. p. 80. ISBN 0-87930-793-5.
- Rogan, Johnny. (1998). The Byrds: Timeless Flight Revisited (2nd ed.). Rogan House. p. 620. ISBN 0-9529540-1-X.
- Rogan, Johnny. (1998). The Byrds: Timeless Flight Revisited (2nd ed.). Rogan House. pp. 152–153. ISBN 0-9529540-1-X.
- "Fifth Dimension". ByrdWatcher: A Field Guide to the Byrds of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- Hjort, Christopher. (2008). So You Want To Be A Rock 'n' Roll Star: The Byrds Day-By-Day (1965-1973). Jawbone Press. p. 40. ISBN 1-906002-15-0.
- "The Byrds Boxed Set". ByrdWatcher: A Field Guide to the Byrds of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- "Younger Than Yesterday". ByrdWatcher: A Field Guide to the Byrds of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- Fricke, David. (1996). Mr. Tambourine Man (1996 CD liner notes).
- Hjort, Christopher. (2008). So You Want To Be A Rock 'n' Roll Star: The Byrds Day-By-Day (1965-1973). Jawbone Press. p. 151. ISBN 1-906002-15-0.
- "Hugh Masekela: Discography 1955 - 1969". Dougpayne.com. Retrieved 2009-10-12.