Nevers manufactory

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French porcelain
Faience with Chinese scenes Nevers Manufactory 1680 1700.jpg

Faience with Chinese scenes,
Nevers manufactory, 1680-1700.

French adaptation: Blue and white ceramic with Chinese scene, Nevers manufactory, France, end of the 17th century.
Nevers faience with design of the French Revolution. Musée Lambinet, Versailles.

The Nevers manufactory (French: "Manufacture de faïence de Nevers") was a French manufacturing centre for faience in the city of Nevers. The first factory was started around 1588 by three Italian brothers, who brought the majolica tradition with them.[1] A porcelain manufactury in Nevers was also mentioned in 1844 by Alexandre Brongniart, but little is known about it.[2]

It is at the Nevers manufactory that Chinese-style blue and white wares were produced for the first time in France, with production running between 1650 and 1680.[3] Chinese styles would then be taken up by factories in Normandy, especially following the foundation of the French East India Company in 1664.[3]

Various epochs characterize the production of Nevers:[2]

  • 1600–1660: Italian style
  • 1650–1750: Chinese and Japanese style
  • 1630–1700: Persian style
  • 1640–1789: Franco-Nivernais style
  • 1700–1789: Rouen manufactory style
  • 1730–1789: Moustiers [fr] style
  • 1770–1789: Meissen style
  • 1789: Decadence

See also[edit]

Nevers faience vases with Chinese scenes, circa 1700.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Birmingham Museum of Art (2010). Birmingham Museum of Art : guide to the collection. [Birmingham, Ala]: Birmingham Museum of Art. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-904832-77-5.
  2. ^ a b Pottery and Porcelain: A Guide to Collectors by Frederick Litchfield p.219
  3. ^ a b The Grove encyclopedia of materials and techniques in art Gerald W. R. Ward p.38