New River (Trinity River)

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New River
Country United States
State California
Source Salmon Mountains
 - location Shasta-Trinity National Forest
 - elevation 2,014 ft (614 m)
 - coordinates 41°01′46″N 123°20′56″W / 41.02944°N 123.34889°W / 41.02944; -123.34889 [1]
Mouth Trinity River
 - location near Burnt Ranch
 - elevation 692 ft (211 m)
 - coordinates 40°50′45″N 123°28′48″W / 40.84583°N 123.48000°W / 40.84583; -123.48000Coordinates: 40°50′45″N 123°28′48″W / 40.84583°N 123.48000°W / 40.84583; -123.48000 [1]
Length 21.4 mi (34 km) [2]
Basin 225 sq mi (583 km2) [3]
Discharge for Denny
 - average 437 cu ft/s (12 m3/s) [4]
 - max 60,000 cu ft/s (1,699 m3/s)
 - min 26.2 cu ft/s (1 m3/s)
New River (Trinity River) is located in California
New River (Trinity River)
Location of the New River In California

The New River (Karuk: akráah kumásaamvaroo),[5] is a 21.4-mile-long (34.4 km)[2] tributary of the Trinity River in northern California. The river was named by miners during the California Gold Rush in the early 1850s. While prospecting west from earlier diggings on the upper Trinity River, they named the river due to it being a "new" place to search for gold.[3]

Geography[edit]

The New River originates in the Salmon Mountains at the confluence of Virgin Creek and Slide Creek, in the western part of the Shasta-Trinity National Forest. The river initially runs south, until the confluence with the East Fork New River, where it turns southwest. It then receives Quimby Creek and passes Denny, one of several small communities originally established by Gold Rush miners. It turns south at the confluence with China Creek, then receives Big Creek at Hoboken, from where it flows southwest to join the Trinity River about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north of Burnt Ranch. The New River drains about 225 square miles (580 km2) of rugged mountains and forests; almost 70 percent of the watershed is in the Trinity Alps Wilderness.[3]

Recreation[edit]

The New River contains rapids ranging from class I to almost class V, with flows ranging from 400-1000+ cfs, and is run mainly by advanced kayakers and rafters. The entire main stem of the river was designated a National Wild and Scenic River in 1980.[3] With the exception of a few small settlements along the New River, most of the watershed is remote, isolated backcountry that is seldom visited.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1981-01-19. Retrieved 2017-02-17. 
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed March 9, 2011
  3. ^ a b c d e "New River Backcountry" (PDF). U.S. Forest Service. Jun 2012. Retrieved 2017-02-17. 
  4. ^ "USGS Gage #11527400 on the New River near Denny, CA". National Water Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. 1959–1969. Retrieved 2017-02-17. 
  5. ^ Bright, William; Susan Gehr. "Karuk Dictionary and Texts". Retrieved 2012-07-06. 

External links[edit]