Czech legislative election, 2017

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Czech legislative election, 2017
Czech Republic
← 2013 On or before October 2017 2021 →

All 200 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
101 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  First party Second party Third party
  B Sobotka 2015 Praha.JPG A Babiš Praha 2015.JPG Vojtěch Filip 2013 (cropped).JPG
Leader Bohuslav Sobotka Andrej Babiš Vojtěch Filip
Party ČSSD ANO KSČM
Leader since 29 May 2010 1 August 2012 1 October 2005
Leader's seat South Moravia Prague South Bohemia
Last election 50 seats, 20.45% 47 seats, 18.65% 33 seats, 14.91%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  ING.MIROSLAV KALOUSEK.jpg Petr Fiala.jpg Portrait gray.png
Leader Miroslav Kalousek Petr Fiala Miroslav Lidinský
Party TOP 09 ODS Dawn
Leader since 29 November 2015 18 January 2014 8th August 2015
Leader's seat Central Bohemia South Moravia Central Bohemia
Last election 26 seats, 11.99% 16 seats, 7.72% 14 seats, 6.88%

  Seventh party Eighth party
  Belobradek (cropped).jpg Tomio Okamura in 2012.JPG
Leader Pavel Bělobrádek Tomio Okamura
Party KDU–ČSL SPD
Leader since 20 November 2010 5 May 2015
Leader's seat Hradec Králové Central Bohemia
Last election 14 seats, 6.78% split from Dawn

Districts of Czech Republic vector line model.svg

Prime Minister before election

Bohuslav Sobotka
ČSSD

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

The next Czech legislative elections are expected to be held in October 2017.[1][2] All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies will be elected and the leader of the resultant government will become the Prime Minister.

The date of the election is chosen, as required by the Article 63 of the Constitution, by the President.

Background[edit]

Bohuslav Sobotka, the current Prime Minister.

The Constitution states that every four years an election to the Chamber of Deputies, the lower house of the Parliament, must be held. The Government is responsible to the Chamber of Deputies and stays in power only if has the confidence of the majority of members of parliament. Article 19(1) of the Constitution provides that any citizen of the Czech Republic who has right to vote and is twenty-one years old is eligible to serve as an MP.

The Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), which emerged as the largest party in the 2013 elections, formed a centre-left Coalition government with ANO 2011 (ANO) and the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU–ČSL). The ČSSD was represented by eight ministers in the Government, with its leader, Bohuslav Sobotka, as Prime Minister. The runner-up of the election, ANO 2011, was represented by six of its members in the Government, led by businessman Andrej Babiš, who was promoted to the role of the First Deputy Prime Minister and served as Finance Minister. The smallest party in the coalition, the Christian Democrats, were represented by three ministers, and their leader Pavel Bělobrádek held the position of Deputy Prime Minister. The biggest opposition party in the Chamber of Deputies was the Communist Party. The centre-right opposition to the government was represented by the TOP 09 and by the Civic Democratic Party (ODS).

2014 Senate and municipal elections[edit]

In 2014, voters elected 27 out of 81 Senators and approximately 62,300 members of local councils. The ČSSD won the Senate election but lost many bigger cities, including the capital Prague to its coalition partner, ANO 2011.

2016 regional and Senate elections[edit]

In October 2016, voters elected 675 members of regional assemblies in 13 regions of the nation (except Prague) which then elected their regional leadership. ANO 2011 won the election with 21.05%, while ČSSD only managed to win two regions — South Bohemia and Vysočina - and 15.25% nationwide. The Communists (KSČM) suffered the biggest loss, winning 10.54% and losing 96 seats in the assemblies. The centre-right Civic Democrats (ODS) won 9.47% nationwide and 76 seats in regional assemblies.

Alongside the regional elections, about 2.7 million voters[3] were asked to choose 27 out of 81 senators. The KDU-ČSL won these elections with nine new senators, while both ANO and ČSSD suffered heavy loses. Even though ANO had 14 candidates in the second round, only three managed to win election. The Social Democrats lost 10 seats, including that of their Vice President of the Senate Zdeněk Škromach. The centre-right ODS had six candidates in the second round, with four of them being elected (including Zdeněk Nytra, who ran as an independent).

Electoral system[edit]

The 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected from 14 multi-member constituencies using open list proportional representation, in which they can give preferential votes for up to four candidates on their chosen list. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method, with an electoral threshold of single 5% for parties, 10% for two-party alliances, 15% for three-party alliances and 20% for alliances of four or more parties. Candidates who receive preferential votes from more than 5% of voters are moved to the top of their list, and in cases where more than one candidate receives over 5% of the preferential votes, they are ranked in order of votes received.[4]

Contesting political parties and candidates[edit]

Parties known to be contesting the upcoming election include:

Party Ideology Leader
Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) Social democracy, Pro-Europeanism Bohuslav Sobotka
ANO 2011 (ANO) Centrism, Populism, Syncretic politics Andrej Babiš
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) Communism, Soft euroscepticism, Left-wing Vojtěch Filip
TOP 09 Fiscal conservatism, Liberal conservatism, Pro-Europeanism Miroslav Kalousek
Civic Democratic Party (ODS)
Freeholder Party
Conservatism, Economic liberalism, Euroscepticism Petr Fiala
Dawn - National Coalition (Úsvit-NK) Right-wing populism, Nationalism, Direct democracy, Euroscepticism Miroslav Lidinský
Christian and Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL)
in coalition with Mayors and Independents (STAN)
Christian democracy, Pro-Europeanism, Social conservatism, Centrism Pavel Bělobrádek
Centre-right, Decentralization, Regional/Local politics Petr Gazdík
Freedom and Direct Democracy (SPD) Populism, Anti-immigration, Direct democracy, Euroscepticism Tomio Okamura
Czech Pirate Party (Piráti) Pirate politics, Direct and Participatory democracy, Open state, Liberalism[5] Ivan Bartoš
Green Party (Zelení) Green politics, Social liberalism, Pro-Europeanism, Center-left Matěj Stropnický

Campaign[edit]

For the first time in Czech elections, campaign spending is limited, with a cap of 90 million CZK (approximately 3,300,000) for each party.

Opinion polls[edit]

Next Czech Legislative Election polls.png

The polls are from October 2013 up to the current date with each line and dots corresponding to a political party.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Šídlo, Jindřich (4 January 2016). "Čechům začíná nejdelší volební maraton v historii. Vyberou si novou vládu i prezidenta". Hospodářské Noviny (in Czech). Retrieved 10 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Pergler, Tomáš (23 January 2016). "Blokování EET? Opozice může nechtěně nahrát Babišovi - Echo24.cz". Echo24 (in Czech). Retrieved 10 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Volební účast v obvodech v 1. a 2. kole" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Electoral system IPU
  5. ^ https://www.pirati.cz/en/program/start