Nicolas Cotoner

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Cotoner and the second or maternal family name is Olesa.
Nicolas Cotoner
NicolasCotoner.jpg
Grand Master of the Order of Saint John
In office
23 October 1663 – 29 April 1680
Monarch King Philip III
King Charles III
Preceded by Raphael Cotoner
Succeeded by Gregorio Carafa
Personal details
Born 1608
Mallorca, Aragon (modern Spain)
Died 29 April 1680
Malta
Resting place St. John's Co-Cathedral
Nationality Spanish
Military service
Allegiance Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
Nicolas Cotoner

Fra' Nicolas Cotoner (Nicolau Cotoner i d'Olesa; 1608, Mallorca – 1680, Malta) was the 61st Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta, between 1663 and 1680. He was the son of Marc Antoni Cotoner i de Santmartí and brother of the previous Grandmaster, Rafael Cotoner.[1]

In 1669, after the fall of Candia, Nicolas Cotoner improved the fortifications of Malta due to fears of an Ottoman attack. He funded the construction of the Cottonera Lines, which were named in his honour. The lines could accommodate up to 40,000 people in case of an invasion.[2] Cotoner's reign also saw the construction of Fort Ricasoli and various modifications to the Floriana Lines.

A strategist and a diplomatic, he greatly increased the prestige of the order, mainly in France, Venice and England. In 1674 funded in Malta a school of Anatomy and Medicine as an annex of the Sacra Infermeria. He drew up (in Italian) the constitutions and estatutes of the order (1674).

Nicolas Cotoner continued the work on the redecoration of St. John's Co-Cathedral commenced by his brother, Rafael, and much of the splendour of the Cathedral occurred during his reign including the decoration of the vault painted by the Calabrian artist Mattia Preti as well as much of the carving and gilding of most of the walls.

He died on 29 April 1680 and is buried in the Chapel of Aragon in the Co-Cathedral. He was succeeded by Fra Gregorio Carafa.

The sepulchral monument to Grand Master Nicolas Cotoner, located prominently to the right side of the main altar in the chapel of the langue of Aragon in St John's Co-Cathedral, was produced by Domenico Guidi and is one of the most prominent and beautiful monuments in the Cathedral. The remarkable Cotoner monument consists of a pyramidal distribution of figures with a central grouping of triumphal paraphernalia such as arms and trophies which surround the bronze gilded bust of the Grand Master. Above a cherub holds the Cotoner armorial shield whilst the allegory of Fame blows a trumpet in triumph. The sepulchral monument was assembled in the chapel in June 1686.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richards, Brian (2008). Malta (5 ed.). New Holland Publishers. p. 65. ISBN 1-84537-871-7. 
  2. ^ "Birgu's Fortifications". Birgu Local Council. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "The Nicolas Cotoner Monument". St. John's Co-Cathedral. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Raphael Cotoner
Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller
1663–1680
Succeeded by
Gregorio Carafa