Nicolas Perrot d'Ablancourt
Nicolas Perrot d'Ablancourt was born into a Protestant family; his father Paul Perrot (de la Salle) converted during his studies at Oxford, and his mother, Anne des Forges, was the daughter of a Protestant. Perrot d’Ablancourt himself renounced his religious beliefs at one stage, but later changed his mind.
After reading law at the Huguenot Academy of Sedan, he later travelled to Leiden in the Netherlands and then to England. Upon returning to France, he established links with contemporary intellectuals, and in 1673 he was elected a member of the Académie française. Between 1637 and 1662, he published numerous translations of classical Greek and Latin texts; including the works of Julius Caesar, Cicero, Frontinus, Homer, Plutarch, Tacitus, Thucydides and Xenophon, as well as other less well known writers, and some contemporary Spanish works, such as the writings of the chronicler Luis del Mármol Carvajal.
In the prefaces to his translations, Perrot d’Ablancourt set out his principles of translation. He followed the somewhat contentious practice of Valentin Conrart, one of the founding fathers of the Académie française, of modifying or modernising expressions in the original text for reasons of style. While some authors praised the elegance and subtlety of Perrot d’Ablancourt’s translations, a disparaging remark by one of his contemporary critics gave rise to the expression « la belle infidèle ». The French scholar Gilles Ménage is reported to have compared the translation to a woman he had once loved, who was “beautiful, but unfaithful”. This expression was later picked up and popularised by other authors such as Huygens  and Voltaire. Some of Perrot d’Ablancourt’s translations are still being edited, and the debate regarding the necessity of absolute fidelity to the source text when translating continues to this day.
- Grand dictionnaire historique, Louis Moreri
- Jean-Paul Barbier, Des Châlonnais célèbres, illustres et mémorables, Châlons-en-Champagne : Éditions du Petit Catalaunien illustré, 2000.
- Œuvres complètes, XXIX, Paris, Gallimard, 1986, p. 58
- Roger Zuber, Les « Belles Infidèles » et la formation du goût classique. Perrot d'Ablancourt et Guez de Balzac, Armand Colin, Paris, 1968, pp. 202-3. See also : Lettres et préfaces critiques de Nicolas Perrot d'Ablancourt ; publiées avec une introduction, des notices, des notes et un lexique par Roger Zuber, Didier, Paris, 1972.
- Le siècle de Louis XIV, Catalogue de la plupart des écrivains français qui ont paru dans le Siècle de Louis XIV, pour servir à l’histoire littéraire de ce temps, 1751.
- Des Châlonnais célèbres, illustres et mémorables by Jean-Paul Barbier, 2000.
- Lettres et préfaces critiques de Nicolas Perrot d'Ablancourt, by Roger Zuber, Paris, 1972