Ōi (shogi)

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Ōi (王位) is one of the eight titles in Japanese professional shogi. The word means "the king's rank" (ō(王) = king, i() = rank or position).

The annual tournament started in 1960 sponsored by a group of local newspapers which has consisted of Shimbun Sansha Rengō (Three-Newspaper Association).[1][a] With the addition of Ōi, there were four major shogi titles along with Meijin, Kudan (Ryu-oh), and Osho.

The challenger for the title is determined by three-step preliminary round that comprises 1st heat, league competition and final playoff. Top eight players in 1st heat and top four players of previous year are divided into two six-player leagues. Top one of each league advances to final playoff, and the winner of one-game match becomes the challenger.

The player that wins four games out of seven first in the championship will become the new Ōi title holder. Each championship games assign players a six-hour playtime during two days.[1]

Lifetime Ōi[edit]

Lifetime Ōi (永世王位, eisei Ōi) is the title awarded to a player who won the championship five times in a row or ten times in total. Active players may qualify for this title, but it is only officially awarded upon their retirement or death.[2]

Only three professionals have qualified for the Lifetime Oi.[2] They are as follows:

Winners[edit]

No. Year Winner Score Opponent
1 1960 Yasuharu Oyama 4-1 Masao Tsukada
2 1961 Yasuharu Oyama (2) 4-1 Yuzō Maruta
3 1962 Yasuharu Oyama (3) 4-0 Motoji Hanamura
4 1963 Yasuharu Oyama (4) 4-2 Hifumi Katō
5 1964 Yasuharu Oyama (5) 4-2 Tatsuya Futakami
6 1965 Yasuharu Oyama (6) 4-0 Daigoroh Satō
7 1966 Yasuharu Oyama (7) 4-1 Michio Ariyoshi
8 1967 Yasuharu Oyama (8) 4-1 Nobuyuki Ōuchi
9 1968 Yasuharu Oyama (9) 4-2 Michio Ariyoshi
10 1969 Yasuharu Oyama (10) 4-2 Kazuyoshi Nishimura
11 1970 Yasuharu Oyama (11) 4-1 Kunio Yonenaga
12 1971 Yasuharu Oyama (12) 4-3 Makoto Nakahara
13 1972 Kunio Naitō 4-1 Yasuharu Oyama
14 1973 Makoto Nakahara 4-0 Kunio Naitō
15 1974 Makoto Nakahara (2) 4-2 Kunio Yonenaga
16 1975 Makoto Nakahara (3) 4-2 Kunio Naitō
17 1976 Makoto Nakahara (4) 4-2 Osamu Katsuura
18 1977 Makoto Nakahara (5) 4-2 Kunio Yonenaga
19 1978 Makoto Nakahara (6) 4-1 Yasuharu Oyama
20 1979 Kunio Yonenaga 4-3 Makoto Nakahara
21 1980 Makoto Nakahara (7) 4-0 Kunio Yonenaga
22 1981 Makoto Nakahara (8) 4-3 Yasuharu Oyama
23 1982 Kunio Naitō (2) 4-2 Makoto Nakahara
24 1983 Michio Takahashi 4-2 Kunio Naitō
25 1984 Hifumi Katō 4-3 Michio Takahashi
26 1985 Michio Takahashi (2) 4-0 Hifumi Katō
27 1986 Michio Takahashi (3) 4-0 Kunio Yonenaga
28 1987 Koji Tanigawa 4-1 Michio Takahashi
29 1988 Keiji Mori 4-3 Koji Tanigawa
30 1989 Koji Tanigawa (2) 4-1 Keiji Mori
31 1990 Koji Tanigawa (3) 4-3 Yasumitsu Satō
32 1991 Koji Tanigawa (4) 4-2 Hiroki Nakata
33 1992 Masataka Goda 4-2 Koji Tanigawa
34 1993 Yoshiharu Habu 4-0 Masataka Goda
35 1994 Yoshiharu Habu (2) 4-3 Masataka Goda
36 1995 Yoshiharu Habu (3) 4-2 Masataka Goda
37 1996 Yoshiharu Habu (4) 4-1 Koichi Fukaura
38 1997 Yoshiharu Habu (5) 4-1 Yasumitsu Satō
39 1998 Yoshiharu Habu (6) 4-2 Yasumitsu Satō
40 1999 Yoshiharu Habu (7) 4-0 Koji Tanigawa
41 2000 Yoshiharu Habu (8) 4-3 Koji Tanigawa
42 2001 Yoshiharu Habu (9) 4-0 Nobuyuki Yashiki
43 2002 Koji Tanigawa (5) 4-1 Yoshiharu Habu
44 2003 Koji Tanigawa (6) 4-1 Yoshiharu Habu
45 2004 Yoshiharu Habu (10) 4-1 Koji Tanigawa
46 2005 Yoshiharu Habu (11) 4-3 Yasumitsu Satō
47 2006 Yoshiharu Habu (12) 4-2 Yasumitsu Satō
48 2007 Koichi Fukaura 4-3 Yoshiharu Habu
49 2008 Koichi Fukaura (2) 4-3 Yoshiharu Habu
50 2009 Koichi Fukaura (3) 4-3 Kazuki Kimura
51 2010 Akihito Hirose 4-2 Koichi Fukaura
52 2011 Yoshiharu Habu (13) 4-3 Akihito Hirose
53 2012 Yoshiharu Habu (14) 4-1[6] Takeshi Fujii
54 2013 Yoshiharu Habu (15) 4-1[7] Hisashi Namekata
55 2014 Yoshiharu Habu (16) 4-2-1[8][b] Kazuki Kimura
56 2015 Yoshiharu Habu (17) 4-1[10] Akihito Hirose
57 2016 Yoshiharu Habu (18) 4-3[11] Kazuki Kimura
58 2017 Tatsuya Sugai 4-1[12] Yoshiharu Habu

Records[edit]

  • Most titles overall: Yoshiharu Habu, 18
  • Most consecutive titles: Yasuharu Oyama, 12 in a row (1960-1971)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Despite its name, Shimbun Sansha Rengō is currently formed by six newspapers: Hokkaido Shimbun, Tokyo Shimbun, Chunichi Shimbun, Kobe Shimbun, Tokushima Shimbun and Nishinippon Shimbun.[1]
  2. ^ Game three ended in impasse after 178 moves and was officially recorded as a draw. This was the first drawn championship-round game in the history of the tournament. It was also the first time in 22 years that a championship-round game in one of the seven major title matches ended in impasse.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 王位戦について [About the Oi Tournament] (in Japanese). 新聞三社連合. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b 永世称号の規定はどうなっているのでしょうか。 [What are the requirements for lifetime titles?] (in Japanese). 日本将棋連盟. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  3. ^ 物故棋士一覧 (1955年以降) [List of deceased professionals (from 1955)] (in Japanese). 日本将棋連盟. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  4. ^ 棋士紹介: 中原誠 [Player introduction: Makoto Nakahara] (in Japanese). 日本将棋連盟. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  5. ^ 棋士紹介: 羽生善治 [Player introduction: Yoshiharu Habu] (in Japanese). 日本将棋連盟. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Shōgi・Dai Gojūsanki Ōisen Fujii Shisutemu, Habu ni Oyobazu" 将棋・第53期王位戦 藤井システム, 羽生に及ばず [Shogi-53rd Oi Match: Fujii System no match for Habu]. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). August 28, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Habu Ōi Sanrenpa Tsūsan Jūgoki" 羽生王位3連覇 通算15期 [Habu Oi wins title for 3rd consecutive time and 15th time overall]. Hokkaido Shimbun (in Japanese). Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 18, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Dai Gojugoki Oisen Habu ga Kachi Boei" 第55期王位戦 羽生が勝ち防衛 [55th Oisen: Habu wins and defends title]. Hokkaido Shimbun (in Japanese). Retrieved September 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Ōisen Daisankyoku wa Jishōgi ni Hisei no Kimura, Nebatte Seiritsu" 王位戦第3局は持将棋に 非勢の木村, 粘って成立 [Kimura hangs on in an inferior position as game three of the Oi match ends in impasse.]. Kobe Shimbun (in Japanese). August 6, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Habu Ōi ga Bōei, Gonen Renzoku Tsūsan Jūnanakime" 羽生王位が防衛, 5年連続通算17期目 [Habu Oi defends title for 5th consecutive year and 17th time overall]. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). August 27, 2015. Retrieved September 6, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Habu ga Taitoru Bōei, Kimura Hachidan Yaburu, Shōgi Ōisen Dai Nana-kyoku" 羽生がタイトル防衛 木村八段破る 将棋王位戦第7局 [Shogi Oi Match Game 7: Habu defends title by defeating Kimura 8d]. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). September 27, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2016. 
  12. ^ Yamamura, Hideki (August 30, 2017). "Sugai, Hatsu Taitoru no Ōi Kakutoku, Shikkan no Habu wa Nikan ni" 菅井, 初タイトルの王位獲得 失冠の羽生は2冠に [Sugai wins Oi match for first title, Habu defeated and loses title to become 2 crown]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Retrieved August 31, 2017. 

External links[edit]