Initially known as the Kowloon Magistracy, the building was constructed in 1936 to handle minor criminal cases at magistrate's level. During the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong, the building served as the Kowloon headquarters of the Kempeitai. It was renamed South Kowloon District Court in 1957. After the opening of the North Kowloon Magistracy in 1960, some cases were diverted there. The South Kowloon District Court remained in use as a district court until 1986 when it became the Judiciary Central File Repository. It has served as the Lands Tribunal (土地審裁處) since 1997, and it is now the only Lands Tribunal in Hong Kong.