Oecophorinae

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Oecophorinae
Adult of Philobota arabella or a related species,
Aranda (Australia)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Suborder: Glossata
Infraorder: Heteroneura
Division: Ditrysia
Superfamily: Gelechioidea
Family: Oecophoridae
Subfamily: Oecophorinae
Bruand, 1851
Genera

Numerous, see text

Synonyms

Chimabachidae Heinemann, 1870
Chimabachinae
Deuterogoniidae
Deuterogoniinae
Enicostominae Heslop, 1938
Peleopodidae
Peleopodinae
Philobotidae
Philobotinae
(but see text)

The Oecophorinae are the nominate subfamily of moths in the concealer moth family (Oecophoridae). They are part of the insufficiently studied superfamily Gelechioidea, and like their relatives, the circumscription of this taxon is disputed.[1]

In the approach followed here, the Oecophoridae are expanded to include several lineages formerly placed in the Elachistidae or considered independent gelechioid families. As regards the Oecophorinae, the proposed concealer moth subfamilies Chimabachinae, Deuterogoniinae, Peleopodinae and Philobotinae are included here pending further study of the affiliations of their genera. They were also often treated as independent families (Chimabachidae, Deuterogoniidae, Peleopodidae and Philobotidae) by those who followed a "splitting" approach. In general, the delimitation of the Oecophorinae versus the Amphisbatinae, Depressariinae and Hypertrophinae has been the most contested issue, though the uncertain placement of the Xyloryctidae versus the concealer moths (into which they might belong as subfamily) has also been a considerable stumbling block.[1]

Numerous attempts have been made to divide the Oecophorinae into tribes, such as Carcinini, Crossotocerini, Denisiini, Herrichini, Oecophorini, Peleopodini and Pleurotini. Also placed here under this scheme are the Cacochroini and Orophiini, which otherwise were included in the Depressariinae (but usually only when these were elevated to full family rank). Most of the proposed tribes were based on phenetic or qualitative analyses, if not merely on the whim of the entomologists that established them, and no robust evolutionary scenario has been established for the different lineages of Oecophorinae. The groups around the genus Peleopoda (the former Peleopodinae) and of course the type genus Oecophora are generally recognized to be well distinguished from each other, but no satisfying arrangement has been found for the bulk of the (presumed) oecophorine genera. Hence, no subdivision into tribes is attempted here.[1]

Selected genera[edit]

Adult of an unidentified Enchocrates species, Aranda (Australia)
Adult Garrha pudica, Aranda (Australia)
Adult of a newly discovered Microbela species, Aranda (Australia)
Adult male Phaeosaces coarctatella, Browns Bay (New Zealand)
Adult of a newly discovered Philobota species related to P. mathematica, Aranda (Australia)
Phryganeutis cinerea, Aranda (Australia)

The following genera (with some notable species also listed) are usually held to belong to the Oecophorinae, at least in the delimitation used here. Still, placement of few genera is completely certain (see above), and many – in particular monotypic genera – may not be valid at all. New oecophorine genera are also being described frequently:[1]

Several genera of Oecophoridae are of very unclear or highly disputed relationships. Among these, some have been theorized to belong in the Oecophoridae:

Also, it may be that some additional genera usually placed outside the Gelechioidea are actually Oecophorniae, too, e.g.:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d ABRS (2008), FE (2009), Wikispecies (2010-APR-25), and see references in Savela (2009)

References[edit]

Data related to Oecophorinae at Wikispecies See also Gelechioidea Talk page for comparison of some approaches to gelechioid systematics and taxonomy.