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Otynia (Ukrainian: Отинія, Polish: Ottynia, Yiddish: אוטיניה, also Ottynia, Otyniya, Otynya, Otinya) is an urban-type settlement near Tlumach and Ivano-Frankivsk in Kolomyia Raion, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (region) of western Ukraine. Population: 5,517 (2016 est.).
Otynia was first mentioned in documents from the year 1610 as a baronial mansion. By the year 1914, it was located in the Austrian province of Galicia. Between World War I and World War II, it was a part of Poland, then was a part of the USSR, and is today located in Ukraine.
In the year 1880, the city had a population of 3,714 residents, including 1,557 Jews. In 1913, the town had a population of approximately 5,000 inhabitants, including approximately 1,000 Poles, 2,000 Jews, 1,500 Ruthenians and 500 Czechs and Germans.
In the year 1669, Waclaw Potocki founded in Otynia the first wooden church. At the beginning of the 20th century, in the place of the wooden church was built a new brick church whose altar decorated by artists brought from the Tyrol.
Before World War I, there was a large farm machinery factory in the town that employed more than 400 workers, located near the train station. The city was a manor house and park, owned by Baron Łukaszewiczów.
The city was the seat of the local Jewish rabbinate, and the home of a "miracle worker" Rabbi Chaim Hager. In 1941, the Germans and Ukrainians living in the area massacred the local Jewish population. Those Jews who survived were sent to a concentration camp later. The city was also home to a Soviet prison for Poles.
On July 25, 1944 Otynia was recaptured by Soviet troops.
After World War II, many of the Poles living in the town were expelled or left, moving to Poland.
- Herman Wohl, a Jewish American composer who wrote songs in Yiddish, was born in Otynia.
- Francis Karpinski was born in the village Hołosków, next to Otynia.
- Morris Gutstein, prolific American Rabbi, scholar and historian whose work includes the history of the Jewish community of colonial Newport.
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
- Ottynia, JewishGen KehillaLink page
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