Paul Aloysius Kenna

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Paul Aloysius Kenna
VCPaulAloysiusKenna.jpg
Born 16 August 1862
Everton, Liverpool
Died 30 August 1915 (aged 53)
Suvla Bay, Turkey
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service –1915 
Rank Brigadier General
Unit 21st Lancers
3rd (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire) Mounted Brigade[1]
Battles/wars Mahdist War
Second Boer War
Third Somaliland Expedition
World War I
Awards Victoria Cross, Distinguished Service Order
Relations Montagu Arthur Bertie, 7th Earl of Abingdon (father-in-law), Simon Mangan, Patrick Leonard, Nicolas Tindal-Carill-Worsley
Other work Olympic horserider

Brigadier General Paul Aloysius Kenna VC DSO (16 August 1862 – 30 August 1915) was an English-born British Army officer of Irish descent and recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that could be awarded to British and British Empire forces.

Background[edit]

He was the son of James Kenna, of Liverpool, who was descended from a family of minor gentry from County Meath. Kenna was educated at Stonyhurst College and St. Francis Xavier College in Liverpool - he is honoured in a memorial which can be seen in the main hall of the current college site in Beaconsfield Road, Liverpool.

Military service and Victoria Cross[edit]

Kenna was 36 years old, and a captain in the 21st Lancers (Empress of India's) during the Sudan Campaign when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC:

On 2 September 1898, at the Battle of Omdurman, Sudan, when a major of the 21st Lancers was in danger, as his horse had been shot in the charge, Captain Kenna took the major up on his own horse, to a place of safety. After the charge Captain Kenna returned to help Lieutenant De Montmorency who was trying to recover the body of an officer who had been killed.[2][3]

He later served in the Second Boer War in South Africa 1899–1900, and was promoted a Brevet major on 29 November 1900,[4] received the substantive rank of captain on 27 January 1902,[5] and the substantive rank of major on his appointment to lead a Mounted infantry flying column in Somaliland in September 1902.

Olympics[edit]

He competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics for Great Britain as a horse rider. He did not finish the Individual eventing (Military) competition, also the British team did not finish the team event. In the individual jumping event he finished 27th.[6]

The 21st Lancers at Omdurman

World War I[edit]

He was killed in action at Suvla, Turkey during the Battle of Gallipoli on 30 August 1915, aged 53 and is buried in Lala Baba Cemetery.[7][8]

His VC is on display in The Queen's Royal Lancers and Nottinghamshire Yeomanry Museum in Thoresby Park, Nottinghamshire.

Family[edit]

Kenna married Lady Cecil Bertie, daughter of the 7th Earl of Abingdon. He married, secondly, Angela Mary, daughter of Herbert Hibbert. They had one daughter, Kathleen (died 1998) [9]

His first cousin, Margaret (née) Larkin (granddaughter of his grandfather Patrick Kenna) married Simon Mangan, HM Lieutenant for Co. Meath. Their grandson was Group Captain Nicolas Tindal-Carill-Worsley.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Davies & Maddocks 1995, p. 80
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27490. p. 6897. 31 October 1902. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  3. ^ Brighton, Terry, The Last Charge: the 21st Lancers and the Battle of Omdurman. Marlborough: Crowood, 1998. ISBN 1-86126-189-6.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27359. p. 6303. 27 September 1901.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27403. p. 716. 4 February 1902.
  6. ^ "Paul Kenna". Sports Reference. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  7. ^ CWGC entry
  8. ^ "Olympians Who Were Killed or Missing in Action or Died as a Result of War". Sports Reference. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Burke, 'Irish Family Records' (1978), Burke's Peerage (2005), see 'The Peerage' site.
Bibliography