Treaty of Dardanos

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The Treaty of Dardanos (85 BC) was a treaty between Rome and Pontus signed between Lucius Cornelius Sulla of Rome, and King Mithridates of Pontus. It ended the First Mithridatic War.

Defeat of Mithridates[edit]

After the defeats of Mithridates by Sulla in the battle of Chaeronea and the battle of Orchomenus, and the sea battle of Tenedos; as well as Sulla forcing the islands of Greece to submit to Rome, the political tension in Rome during the Social Wars caused Sulla to demand terms from Mithridates. The treaty was held at the ruined city of Dardanus to negotiate the final terms of surrender.

The terms were that Mithridates must surrender his newly conquered territories on the Greek mainland and islands, as well as the provinces of Bithynia, Phrygia, Paphlagonia, and Cappadocia. As well, Mithridates must pay the amount of two thousand talents from his personal wealth. Sulla also condemned the provinces which Mithridates surrendered to pay an additional twenty thousand talents (equivalent to the export production for two decades).

The Treaty of Dardanos[edit]

The efforts of the war did not play into the agreement between Rome and Pontus because everything had remained the same prior to wartime.

"The concluding Treaty of Dardanos in 85 BCE was built around a return to the status quo, as it had existed before the war. This meant that Greece belonged to Rome and the rebellious cities such as Athens were forced to pay huge indemnities, which accompanied the losses of any residual liberties that they had once possessed."[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gillespie, Alexander (2013-10-16). The Causes of War: Volume 1: 3000 BCE to 1000 CE. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 143. ISBN 9781782252085.