Pedro Ernesto

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(Redirected from Pedro Ernesto Baptista)
Pedro Ernesto
Pedro Ernesto do Rego Baptista
Pedro Ernesto do Rego Baptista
Born(1884-09-25)September 25, 1884
DiedAugust 10, 1942(1942-08-10) (aged 57)
Occupation(s)Physician and politician

Pedro Ernesto do Rego Baptista,[1] or simply "Pedro Ernesto" as he would later be known, was a successful medical surgeon who became mayor of Rio de Janeiro in mid-1931.[2] His two terms were from September 30, 1931, until October 2, 1934; and from April 7, 1935, until April 4, 1936.


Pedro Ernesto would later be known as the first Populist Brazilian politician. His victory in the elections for mayor was partly due to the backing of then-president of Brazil, Getúlio Vargas. During his term in office, he made several social and populist reforms in the fields of health care, education, and indigenous culture (to his credit stands the revival of the Samba).[2]

He quickly became the most popular politician in Brazil, and was even considered as a suitable candidate for the future presidential elections of 1938.

In 1936, however, Ernesto was charged with participation in a communist conspiracy against the government, and was arrested.[2] He spent the next few years defending himself against charges of treason, and was eventually absolved. By then, however, Vargas had already launched his autocratic "New State" (Estado Novo), erasing the possibility of democratic elections.

Pedro Ernesto Medal[edit]

In October 1980, the Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro, whose building is called "Pedro Ernesto Palace", instituted a medal with his name,[3] considered the maximum commendation of the municipality.

It was severely questioned in 2006, after the ex-deputy Roberto Jefferson, confessed defendant and impeached for participating in the "mensalão scandal", was decorated with it by his own daughter, councilor Cristiane Brasil. The cartoonist "Jaguar" returned his medal, given eight years earlier by the then councilman Chico Alencar.[4]


  1. ^ Claudia R. R. R. Teixeira and André de Faria Pereira Neto (2005). "A POLÍTICA DE ASSISTÊNCIA MÉDICA DE PEDRO ERNESTO (1930-1936): UMA HISTÓRIA EM TRÊS TEMPOS" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-05-22.
  2. ^ a b c "Pedro Ernesto". CPDOC - FGV. Retrieved 2021-05-22.
  3. ^ "Medalha Pedro Ernesto". Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro. 2005-01-05. Archived from the original on 2005-01-05. Retrieved 2021-05-22.
  4. ^ Madalena Romeo (2006-06-22). "Jaguar devolve medalha Pedro Ernesto". Editora O DIA S.A. Archived from the original on 2007-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-22.


External links[edit]