The Peshawar Conspiracy Case refers to a set of five cases which took place between 1922 and 1927 in the British Indian Empire. The people who were tried in these cases had sneaked into the British Raj from the Russian Empire to start a revolution. The twenties of twentieth century was a decade which saw the revival of revolutionary movement in the British Raj. The British Imperial government in the Indian Subcontinent was terrified by the idea of spread of communism in Raj. It was not the only case which became popular and galvanized the imagination of the young population of the Indian Subcontinent, there were similar such cases. Among them, the Kanpur Bolshevik Case of May 1924 can be quoted as a substantiating case.