Phare d'Eckmühl, 2007
|Year first constructed||1831|
|Year first lit||1897|
|Automated||17 October 2007|
|Tower shape||square tower, octagonal watch room, gallery, lantern|
|Markings / pattern||unpainted gray tower, white lantern|
|Tower height||213 feet (65 m)|
|Focal height||197 feet (60 m)|
|Original lens||Fresnel lens|
|Range||23 nautical miles (43 km; 26 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 5s|
|Fog signal||Horn: 1 bl. ev. 60s|
|Heritage||monument historique classé|
The Phare d'Eckmühl, also known as Point Penmarc'h Light or Saint-Pierre Light, is an active lighthouse in Penmarc'h, Finistère department, Brittany, France. At a height of 213 feet (65 m) it is one of the tallest lighthouses in the world. It is located at the port of Saint-Pierre, on Point Penmarc'h, on the southwestern corner of Finistère and the northwestern entrance to the Bay of Biscay.
The tower was built following a decision on April 3, 1882 to modernize the coastal lighthouses and raise the focal height of the Penmarc'h lighthouse, built in 1835, to 60m. However, engineers reported that the old tower could not support such an extension, so in 1890 it was decided to build a new lighthouse, the plans of which were completed on April 3, 1882. Funding came unexpectedly on 9 December 1892 when Adélaïde-Louise Davout, Marquise de Blocqueville, left substantial funds for the new tower in her will, provided the lighthouse was dedicated to the memory of her father, the general Louis Nicolas Davout, who was "Prince d'Eckmühl", a title he won after the Battle of Eckmühl. The tower was inaugurated on October 23, 1897.
The centennial of the lighthouse was celebrated in 1997.
The tower is open to the public. Reaching the top takes climbing 307 steps, 227 stone steps followed by an iron staircase.
- List of Lights, Pub. 113: The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 5.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Brittany: Southern Finistère". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- "Eckmühl". phares.du.monde.free.fr (in French). Retrieved 15 August 2010.