Phare de l'Espiguette

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Phare de l'Espiguette
Phare espiguette.JPG
Phare de l'Espiguette
Phare de l'Espiguette is located in France
Phare de l'Espiguette
France
Location Le Grau-du-Roi, Gard
Languedoc-Roussillon
France.
Coordinates 43°29′15.8″N 4°8′30.2″E / 43.487722°N 4.141722°E / 43.487722; 4.141722Coordinates: 43°29′15.8″N 4°8′30.2″E / 43.487722°N 4.141722°E / 43.487722; 4.141722
Year first constructed 1869
Automated 1980
Construction masonry tower
Tower shape square parallelepiped tower with balcony and lantern attached to 1-story keeper's house
Markings / pattern white tower with a large horizontal band in the upper part, white lantern dome
Height 27.40 metres (89.9 ft)
Focal height 26.85 metres (88.1 ft)
Intensity 1000 W halogen lamp
Range 24 nautical miles (44 km)[1]
Characteristic Fl (3) W 15s
Admiralty number E0586
NGA number 6320
ARLHS number FRA-276
France number FR-1321[2]

The Phare de l'Espiguette (Espiguette Lighthouse) is a 27-metre (89 ft)-high square tower. Built in 1869, the lighthouse is found on the Pointe de l'Espiguette, near to Le Grau-du-Roi on the Gulf of Lion in Languedoc-Roussillon, France.

Geography[edit]

L'Espiguette appears on some of the oldest maps: on the Barentzoom map of 1593 it is called Lapiquete and was an island. The channels in the Rhône delta are constantly changing, it was in 1570 that the Grau de Roi opened up, and the subsequent channelling of this watercourse and the silting of the land alongside it led to the fishing village of Le Grau-du-Roi, and the silting made a land bridge through to L'Espiguette. To the south of L'Espiguette is the Mediterranean sea and to the north the Lagune de la Sicarex, which in itself is a protected breeding ground for endangered avian species. The point consists of 197 ha of sand dunes, and is a protected nature reserve. The beaches are popular with tourists, and host a large naturist beach.

History[edit]

The square tower was built in 1869, 150 metres (490 ft) from the mean high tide mark, the silting has continues and it is now situated in sand dunes more than 700 metres (2,300 ft) from the water.

Technical details[edit]

A 1000W Halogen lamp throws its beam 24 nautical miles (44 km; 28 mi) south. It throws 3 white flashes four times a minute.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Phare de l'Espiguette Ministère de la Culture (French)
  2. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of France: Languedoc-Roussillon". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 

External links[edit]