Philip Currie, 1st Baron Currie

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Philip Henry Wodehouse Currie, 1st Baron Currie GCB (13 October 1834 – 12 May 1906), known as Sir Philip Currie between 1885 and 1899, was a British diplomat. He was Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1893 to 1898 and Ambassador to Italy from 1898 to 1902.

Background and education[edit]

Currie was the son of Raikes Currie, Member of Parliament for Northampton, and the Hon. Laura Sophia, daughter of John Wodehouse, 1st Baron Wodehouse. He was a great-nephew of William Currie and a second cousin of Sir Frederick Currie, 1st Baronet and Vice-Admiral Mark John Currie. He was educated at Eton.[1]

Diplomatic career[edit]

Currie joined the Foreign Office in 1854. He was an attaché at St Petersburg, Russia, from 1856 to 1857, and précis writer to the Foreign Secretary, Lord Clarendon, from 1857 to 1858[1] and private secretary to another Foreign Secretary, Lord Salisbury, from 1878 to 1880.[2] He was Assistant Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1882 to 1889 and served as Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1893 to 1898[3] and as Ambassador to Italy from 1898 to 1902.[4] Currie was appointed a CB in 1878,[5] a KCB in 1885[6] and a GCB in 1892.[7] In 1899 he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Currie, of Hawley in the County of Southampton.[8]

From 24 November to 21 December 1898, Currie was one of the British Government delegates to the Rome Anti-Anarchist Congress, with Sir Howard Vincent and Sir Godfrey Lushington.

Personal life[edit]

Currie married Mary, daughter of Charles James Savile Montgomerie Lamb and widow of Henry Sydenham Singleton, in 1894. She was a poet under the pen-name Violet Fane. There were no children from the marriage. She died in October 1905, aged 62. Lord Currie survived her by a year and died in May 1906, aged 71. The title became extinct on his death.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Philip Henry Wodehouse Currie, 1st and last Baron Currie of Hawley, thepeerage.com
  2. ^ CURRIE, 1st Baron, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2016 (online edition, Oxford University Press, 2015)
  3. ^ "No. 26474". The London Gazette. 9 January 1894. p. 174. 
  4. ^ "No. 26984". The London Gazette. 5 July 1898. p. 4063. 
  5. ^ "No. 24609". The London Gazette. 30 July 1878. p. 4367. 
  6. ^ "No. 25535". The London Gazette. 1 December 1885. p. 5817. 
  7. ^ "No. 26312". The London Gazette. 2 August 1892. p. 4375. 
  8. ^ "No. 27047". The London Gazette. 31 January 1899. p. 602. 
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Thomas Sanderson
Principal Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
1878–1880
Succeeded by
Thomas Sanderson
Preceded by
Sir Clare Ford
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His Imperial Majesty The Sultan
1893–1898
Succeeded by
Sir Nicholas O'Conor-Don
Preceded by
Sir Clare Ford
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the King of Italy
1898–1903
Succeeded by
Sir Francis Bertie
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Currie
1899–1906
Title extinct