Philippe de Crèvecœur d'Esquerdes
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Philippe de Crèvecœur, seigneur d'Esquerdes (1418–1494), was a French military commander and a Marshal of France in 1486. He is also known as Maréchal des Cordes or Maréchal d'Esquerdes.
He was the son of Jacques ( † 1436), Lord of Crèvecœur and Thois, Captain of Compiègne, Governor of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis and a Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece. Philippe entered the service of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. He was governor of Troyes in 1463 and distinguished himself in 1465 at the Battle of Montlhéry.
When Charles the Bold was killed in 1477 without a male heir, Crèvecœur went over to serve King Louis XI of France, who claimed all the lands owned by Charles. Crèvecœur remained governor of Picardy and also puts Artois under French rule, delivering Arras to the French Army. For this, he received the Order of Saint Michael.
During the Mad War, he was successful in stopping the attacks of the Imperial forces. He defeated Ravenstein[disambiguation needed] in 1486, and captured during the Battle of Béthune in 1487, Charles II, Duke of Guelders and Engelbert II of Nassau. He also took Saint-Omer and Thérouanne.
He had no children and was buried in the Notre-Dame church of Boulogne-sur-Mer.
- He portrayed in Sir Walter Scott's 1823 novel Quentin Durward as a wise counselor, attempting to avoid war between Charles the Bold and Charles XI.
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