Pleuratus I

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Pleuratus I
King Pleuratus
Reign c. 356 BC - c. 335 BC
Predecessor Grabos
Successor Glaucias of Taulanti
Ancient Greek Πλευράτος

Pleuratus I (Ancient Greek: Πλευράτος; ruled c. 356 – 335 BC) was an Illyrian king of the Taulantii State. Pleuratus was the father of Glaucias. Philip II won a fierce battle with him in 344 BC although Philip sustained a wound during his pursuit of Pleuratus.[1]

In 344 BC Philip II had inherited from his father a quarrel with the Illyrians and found no means of reconciling his disagreement. Philip therefore invaded the Taulantii State with a large force, devastated the countryside, captured many cities and towns and returned to Macedonia laden with booty.[2] After Philip's reduction of the Grabaei, Pleuratus, in a losing effort, tried to thwart Philip's advances in Illyria and succeeded in wounding one hundred and fifty of his elite corps and Hippostratus the son of Amyntas, in their pursuit of Pleuratus. Philip himself was wounded and lost part of his close group of friends, the hetairoi, contenting himself with the possession of the eastern Illyrian province of Dassaretia.[3] Philip's advances into the Taulantii State ceased by coming to peace terms with Pleurtaus.[4]

After this conflict the Taulantii State of Pleuratus was limited only to the lands along the Adriatic. However, this state continued an anti-Macedonian policy down to 335 BC when Glaucias and Cleitus rebelled against Alexander the Great.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Illyrians by John Wilkes p.121
  2. ^ Diodorus 16.69,7
  3. ^ The Illyrians to the Albanians - Neritan Ceka pg.83
  4. ^ Polyaenus
  5. ^ Isocrates (5,21)

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See also[edit]