Sulphur molly

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Sulphur molly
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cyprinodontiformes
Family: Poeciliidae
Genus: Poecilia
Species: P. sulphuraria
Binomial name
Poecilia sulphuraria
(Álvarez, 1948)

The sulphur molly (Poecilia sulphuraria), locally known as molly del Teapa, is a critically endangered species of fish in the family Poeciliidae.[1] It is endemic to Mexico, specifically to the Baños del Azufre (Grijalva River basin) near Teapa, Tabasco. The Baños del Azufre are sulfidic springs that contain high concentrations of toxic hydrogen sulfide (H
2
S
). Poecilia sulphuraria has apparently evolved the ability to tolerate the toxic conditions.[2] A few other Poecilia species are known from similar habitats in Mexico.[3]

See also[edit]

  • Widemouth gambusia (Gambusia eurystoma), another fish endemic to Baños del Azufre in Tabasco, Mexico

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Contreras-Balderas, S. & Almada-Villela, P. (1996). "Poecilia sulphuraria". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Tobler, M.; Riesch, R.; Garcia de Léon, F. J.; Schlupp, I. & Plath, M. (2008). "Two endemic and endangered fishes, Poecilia sulphuraria (Alvarez, 1948) and Gambusia eurystoma Miller, 1975 (Poeciliidae, Teleostei), as only survivors in a small sulphidic habitat". Journal of Fish Biology. 72 (3): 523–533. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01716.x. 
  3. ^ Palacios, Arias-Rodriguez, Plath, Eifert, Lerp, Lamboj, Voelker, & Tobler (2013). The Rediscovery of a Long Described Species Reveals Additional Complexity in Speciation Patterns of Poeciliid Fishes in Sulfide Springs. PLoS ONE 8(8): e71069.

External links[edit]