Posidippus was born in the city of Pella, capital of the kingdom of Macedon. He lived for some time in Samos before moving permanently to the court of Ptolemy I Soter and later Ptolemy II Philadelphus in Alexandria, Egypt. An inscription from Thermon in Aetolia records that he was honoured by the Aetolian League in about 264/3 BC. He was friends with the poets Asclepiades of Samos and Hedylus.
Twenty-three of Posidippus' poems were included in the Greek Anthology, and several more were quoted in either part or whole by Athenaeus of Naucratis in his Deipnosophistae. Until 2001, based on these remains, it was assumed that Posidippus wrote only about drinking and love. In that year the Milan Papyrus P.Mil.Vogl. VIII 309 was recovered from the wrappings of an Egyptian mummy dating to about 180 BC. It contained 112 poems, two of which were previously known to have been written by Posidippus, which address subjects that include events of the court of the Ptolemaic dynasty, gemstones, and bird divination. Because of Posidippus' authorship of these two poems, scholars have concluded that the other poems of the Milan Papyrus were also written by him.
The poems of the Milan Papyrus are grouped into sections, and the papyrus largely preserves the section headers for the surviving poems:
after being blind for twenty-five years,
he recovered his sight at the age of eighty, but [after glimpsing]
the sun twice only, he saw grievous Hades.
—Posidippus 100 (Austin-Bastianini)
- On Stones (Lithika [title restored from two partially preserved letters], poems 1-20)
- On Omens (Oionoskopika, 21-35)
- Dedications (Anathematika, 36-41)
- Epitaphs (Epitumbia [conjecture: title not preserved], 42-61)
- On Statues (Andriantopoiika, 62-70)
- On Equestrian Victories (Hippika, 71-88)
- On Shipwrecks (Nauagika, 89-94)
- On Cures (Iamatika, 95-101)
- Characters (Tropoi, 102-109)
- [title lost] (110-112)
- Posidippus' Milan Papyrus poetry book: Greek text and English translation (PDF) by various hands (CHS)
- Bastianini G. - Gallazzi C. (edd.), Papiri dell’Università di Milano - Posidippo di Pella. Epigrammi, LED Edizioni Universitarie, Milano, 2001, ISBN 88-7916-165-2
- Austin C. - Bastianini G. (edd.), Posidippi Pellaei quae supersunt omnia , LED Edizioni Universitarie, Milano, 2002, ISBN 88-7916-193-8
- IG_184.108.40.206 - English translation.
- Acosta-Hughes, Benjamin, Elizabeth Kosmetatou, and Manuel Baumbach, eds. 2004. Labored in Papyrus Leaves: Perspectives on an Epigram Collection Attributed to Posidippus (P.Mil.Vogl. VIII 309). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press.
- Battezzato, L. 2003. "Song, Performance, and Text in the New Posidippus." Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 145: 31-43.
- Dickie, Matthew W. 2005. "The Sschatology of the Epitaphs in the New Posidippus Papyrus." In Papers of the Langford Latin Seminar. Edited by Francis Cairns, Vol. 12, 19–52. Cambridge, UK: Francis Cairns.
- Di Nino, Margherita Maria. 2009. "Lost at Sea: Pythermus as an Anti-Odysseus? American Journal of Philology 130.1:47-65.
- Fantuzzi, Marco. 2004. "Erotic Epigrams." In Tradition and Innovation in Hellenistic Poetry. By Marco Fantuzzi and Richard Hunter, 338–349. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press.
- Gutzwiller, Kathryn J. 2002. "Posidippus on Statuary." In Il papiro di Posidippo un anno dopo. Edited by Guido Bastianini and Angelo Casanova, 41–60. Florence: Istituto Papirologico “G. Vitelli.”
- Gutzwiller, Kathryn. ed. 2005. The New Posidippus: A Hellenistic Poetry Book. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
- Hutchinson, Gregory O. 2002. "The New Posidippus and Latin Poetry." Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 138:1–10.
- Lloyd-Jones, Hugh. 1963. "The Seal of Poseidippus." Journal of Hellenic Studies 83:75–99.
- Stephens, Susan A. 2004. "Posidippus' Poetry Book: Where Macedon meets Egypt." In Ancient Alexandria between Egypt and Greece. Edited by William V. Harris and Giovanni Ruffini, 63–86. Leiden: Brill.
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