Postgraduate Admission Test
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Postgraduate Admission Test is a standardized test that is an admission requirement for all graduate schools in mainland China. Also known as National Postgraduate Entrance Examination (NPEE) (Chinese: 中国研究生入学考试; pinyin: zhōngguó yánjiūshēng rùxué kǎoshì) or Chinese abbrevation Kaoyan (Chinese: 考研; pinyin: kǎoyán).
Same as National College Entrance Examination (NCEE, NME or NHEEE) which is meant for undergraduate level study, NPEE is an academic examination held annually in People's Republic of China. It is a prerequisite for college undergraduates to entrance the higher education institutions. NPEE is usually taken by students during their last year of universities. Also, student with bachelor's degree and age below 40 can participate in NPEE.
NPEE takes place in the first Saturday and Sunday before 23 December in lunar calendar (usually in January). So NPEE will be held in the first semester of undergraduates' last year of universities (not like NCEE, which is held on 6th and 7th in June, the end of the second semester of high school students' last year). Also, such rule can cause the NPEE to be held twice a year (although it is an annual examination), for example, the 2014 and 2015 NPEE were both held in year 2014, took place on Jan. 4-6 and Dec. 27-29 respectively.
Subjects of NPEE
NPEE usually includes a preliminary test and a re-examination. This paper's main discussion is the preliminary test.
Usually, there are 4 subjects for the preliminary test. 2 of them are examinations for specialized courses, 1 for foreign language, and 1 for politics.
The specific subject of specialized courses depends on the major students applied. It includes Advanced Mathematics, Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Chemistry Engineering Principle, Translation and Writing and so on.
The re-examination may contains written examination and interview. Usually, it examine the specialized knowledge and skills.
The Advanced Mathematics Examination of NPEE
The Advanced Mathematics (Adv. Math) examination is one of those specialized courses.
The Advanced Mathematics in NPEE includes many editions. Includes Advanced Mathematics I for Science majors, Advanced Mathematics II for Engineering majors, Advanced Mathematics III for Economic and Finance majors, Agricultural Advanced Mathematics for Agriculture majors and other Mathematics test proposed by the institutions students applied.
Those 4 kinds of Advanced Mathematics examinations (Adv. Math I/II/III and Agricultural Adv. Math) are all proposed by the Ministry of Education. Not like the NCEE, all candidates of China mainland that need to complete the Adv. Math examination will get the same paper, there are no differences between different provinces.
Different major or different institutions may select different Adv. Math papers, even not same as anyone of those 4 kinds before. It means that students apply for some majors of some institutions may get papers written by the institutions they applied for, not proposed by the Ministry of Education.
The Foreign Language Examination of NPEE
The foreign language in NPEE contains English, Russian, Japanese, French, German and so on. English, Russian and Japanese examinations are unified examinations. It depends on the majors and institutions students chose.
The English examination has 2 editions: English I and English II. They are different, usually, English II is easier than English I.
The candidates applying for academic masters will all take the English I, however, some of the candidates applying for professional masters will take English II.
English I and II tests are all proposed by the Ministry of Education and students in different provinces of China mainland will get same papers.
The Politics Examination of NPEE
Politics is a required subject for almost all students take part in NPEE. Although there are many controversies on it, it was regarded as an effective method to make sure the senior intellectuals of China (Mainland) be loyalty to the government and the CPC by the central government of P.R.China.
The politics exam is based on 4 courses that students learn during their undergraduate. The courses are "Ideology and Morality and Basics of Law", "Introduction to the basic principle of Marxism", "Outline of Modern Chinese History" and "Introduction to Maoism and Theoretical System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics".
The Politics Examination of NPEE in different majors or institutions seems to be the same. And no regional differences, too.