Professional chemist (Canada)
Professional chemist is the term for registered or licensed chemists in Canada who are permitted to offer their professional services directly to the public. The professional chemist designation is commonly abbreviated to PChem when added as a suffix after a person's name.
The term professional chemist and the actual practice of professional chemistry is legally defined and protected by the government. In some jurisdictions only registered or licensed professional chemists or chartered chemists are permitted to use the title, or to practice professional chemistry.
The earmark that distinguishes a licensed/registered professional chemist is the authority to sign and seal or "stamp" chemistry documents (reports, drawings and calculations) for a study, estimate, design or analysis, thus taking legal responsibility for it.
Registration and regulation
Each province has specific procedures and requirements for license or registration. Each license is valid only in the province from which it was granted. Many professional chemists maintain licenses in several provinces for this reason. The licensing procedure varies, but the general process is:
- Graduate with a degree from an accredited university program in chemistry
- Accumulate a certain amount of chemistry experience; this can range from two to five years depending on the province
The chemist title
The title chemist is legally protected in some provinces, meaning that is it unlawful to use it to offer chemistry services to the public unless permission is specifically granted by that province through a professional chemist license. With legal documentation, this is commonly referred to as the Right to Title. A licensed professional has the option of wearing a Chemists' Ring.
Since the regulation of the practice of chemistry is performed by the individual provinces in Canada, areas of chemistry which are an exception to mandatory regulatory requirements are:
- A professor teaching chemistry in an accredited program
- Military personnel currently actively licensed with the Canadian government
Chemists are not registered in a specific discipline but are prohibited by the code of ethics  from practicing beyond their training and experience. Breaches of the code are often sufficient grounds for enforcement, which may include the suspension or loss of license, as well as financial penalties and now, through recent changes to Canadian law, could also result in jail time should negligence be shown to have played a part in any incident in which there is loss of human life.
Some examples of a professional chemist would be an oilfield chemist, drilling fluids chemist, environmental chemist, biochemist, or pharmacist.
- Professional Chemists Act
- Association of the Chemical Profession of Ontario – Membership: Member Benefits
- "ACPA Regulations". Retrieved 2008-03-26.
- Association of the Chemical Profession of Ontario – Membership: Requirements
- Ordre des Chimistes du Québec – Adhésion
- Ordre des Chimistes du Québec – Ordre
- Association of the Chemical Profession of Ontario – Ethics and By-Laws
- ACPA Ethics & Bylaws