Spotted lungfish

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Spotted lungfish
Protopterus dolloi Boulenger2.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sarcopterygii
Order: Lepidosireniformes
Family: Protopteridae
Genus: Protopterus
Species: P. dolloi
Binomial name
Protopterus dolloi
Boulenger, 1900[2][3]

The spotted lungfish or slender lungfish (Protopterus dolloi) is a species of lungfish from Middle Africa, where found in the Congo, Kouilou-Niari and Ogowe river basins.[1][3] It is one of four extant species in the genus Protopterus.

Habitat[edit]

The slender lungfish is a freshwater fish and it largely inhabits the middle and lower Congo River basin.[3] It is a primarily demersal fish, dwelling in the riverbeds of the above basins and in Stanley Pool.[3][4] During spawning season, females can be found in open water.[3][4]

Biology[edit]

The slender lungfish has an anguilliform body, much like an eel.[3] The body of the slender lungfish is generally brown; young of the species oftentimes have black spots throughout the body, however adults generally lose these spots as they age.[3] Like all African lungfish the slender lungfish is an obligate air-breather and is capable of aestivation; however, it generally does not aestivate.[3]

Reproduction[edit]

Spotted lungfish nests are generally found in June through October.[4] During this time period the male makes a nest and buries it in mud, not unlike the Marbled lungfish mating behavior.[4] He guards both eggs and larvae during this time.[3][4] The female does not take care of the young but rather during this time can be found open water in rivers within its range.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brummett, R.; Mbe Tawe, A.N.; Dening Touokong, C.; Reid, G.M.; Snoeks, J. Staissny; M., Moelants; T., Mamonekene; V., Ndodet; B., Ifuta; S.N.B., Chilala; et al. (2010). "Protopterus dolloi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T183033A8036086. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T183033A8036086.en. Retrieved 16 January 2018.  P. dolloi has been assessed as Least Concern because it has a very large range, and there are no known widespread threats to the species.
  2. ^ ITIS.gov
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Protopterus dolloi" in FishBase. April 2014 version.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Protopterus dolloi (Slender lungfish, Slender lungfish (FB))". www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved 2015-06-05. 

Further reading[edit]

  • [1]
  • http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/reprint/207/5/777
  • Fishman, A. P., Pack, A. I., Delaney, R. G. and Gallante, R. J. (1987). Estivation in Protopterus. In The Biology and Evolution of Lungfishes(ed.) W. E. Bemis, W. W. Burggren and N. E. Kemp), pp. 163–179. New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc.