R v Hall
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|R v Hall|
|Full case name||David Scott Hall v. Her Majesty the Queen and The Attorney General of Canada, the Attorney General of Quebec, the Criminal Lawyers’ Association (Ontario)and the Association des avocats de la défense de Montréal|
|Citations|| 3 S.C.R. 309, 2002 SCC 64|
|Majority||McLachlin C.J., joined by L’Heureux‑Dubé, Gonthier, Bastarache, Binnie JJ.|
|Dissent||Iacobucci JJ., joined by Major, Arbour and LeBel JJ.|
David Scott Hall was charged with the murder of a woman in a high-profile case. He applied for bail pending trial. The judge denied the application—not for reasons of ensuring appearance in court or protecting the public—but in order "to maintain confidence in the administration of justice". Paragraph 515(10)(c) of the Criminal Code allows the denial of bail for this reason.
Hall appealed the decision on the basis that section 515(10)(c) violated the right "not to be denied reasonable bail without just cause" under section 11(e) of the Charter.
Opinion of the Court
The Court held that the portion of section 515(10)(c) permitting detention "on any other just cause being shown”" was unconstitutional as it gave too much discretion to the judge to deny bail without just cause. The violation could not be upheld under section 1 due to proportionality.
The Court however upheld the portion of section 515(10)(c), which allows the denial of bail "to maintain confidence in the administration of justice" as it was a valid and just reason to deny bail. The standard is based on the view that the reasonable member of the community would be satisfied that the denial of bail would be necessary to maintain confidence in the system.
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