Reduced-price meal (or reduced-price breakfast, lunch, supper, snack) is a term used in the US to describe a federally reimbursable meal (or snack) served to a child who applies for and qualifies because the family’s income is between 130 and 185 percent of the federal poverty threshold. Schools may not charge more than 40¢ for reduced-price lunches, nor more than 30¢ for reduced-price breakfasts.
Potential effectiveness of the program has been reduced by students' selective consumption of meal servings (with resulting food waste):
"Plate waste was estimated from 899 lunch trays; 535 elementary and 364 middle-school students. Only 45% of elementary and 34% middle-school students selected a vegetable. Elementary-school students wasted more than a third of grain, fruit and vegetable menu items. Middle-school students left nearly 50% of fresh fruit, 37% of canned fruit and nearly a third of vegetables unconsumed. Less than half of the students met the national meal standards for vitamins A and C, or Fe."
However, students who get few meals other than the ones provided by the school are still at risk of malnutrition.
- Smith, SL; Cunningham-Sabo, L (Jun 2014). "Food choice, plate waste and nutrient intake of elementary- and middle-school students participating in the US National School Lunch Program". Public Health Nutrition 17 (6): 1255–63. doi:10.1017/S1368980013001894. PMID 23866827. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the Congressional Research Service document "Report for Congress: Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition" by Jasper Womach.