Reflex seizures may occur in reflex epilepsies only or also in other epilepsy syndromes in combination with other seizure types. They are seizures which are the result of sensory stimulation caused by the environment or own activities of the affected persons. The most common type is photosensitive seizure.
In susceptible people, reflex seizures may be elicited by many stimuli including eating, hot water, intermittent visual stimuli (flickering, stroboscopic light), music, playing games, reading, writing, singing sudden noise, tooth brushing or touch at certain areas of the body.
There are various reflex epilepsies, including:
The trigger needs to be identified before prescribing anti-epileptics. The most commonly prescribed drugs for reflex epilepsy are valproate, carbamazepine and clonazepam, though lamotrigine, levetiracetam are promising.
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