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A remedial action is a change made to a nonconforming product or service to address the deficiency. This also can refer to restoration of a landscape from industrial activity
Rework and repair are generally the remedial actions taken on products, while services usually require additional services to be performed to ensure satisfaction.
‘Remedial Action’ is a term referring to actions taken by businesses to counteract deficiencies or undesirable characteristics in their products. In this way it is distinct from ‘Corrective Action’, which aims to change the processes that led to these deficiencies, and ‘Preventive Action’, which aims to strengthen weak management systems not yet responsible for any deficiency 
Remedial Action is often enacted through ‘Remedial Action Plans’ (RAPs) of three or more stages. For example, one North American river protection scheme drew up a plan that identified environmental problems and sources of pollution, evaluated and carried out actions to restore the area, and confirmed that these actions had been effective 
These actions normally have negative effects on a company’s image and profits. A fine balance is often struck between denying the existence of problems or wrongdoing and choosing to publicise this existence before being exposed removes the company’s ability to control the way any scandal is seen.
Environmental - If the environment a business works in becomes polluted as the result of the activities of that business, or sometimes other events, this pollution must be cleaned for reasons of safety and welfare. This will normally involve the business either financing the remedial action or applying for the finances to do so. If the business is not at fault, the government may finance the remediation.
Repair/Replacement - When a product is deemed ineffective, either by the company or by public exposure, a recall plan can be put into action, sometimes also involving compensation for consumers.
Policy - When company policy is considered to be in violation of the law, such as keeping inaccurate financial records, remedial action can be taken to change those policies. (HR.BLR.com, 2012). When done after an internal investigation, this can avoid repercussions such as negative publicity or even fines, and the UK Serious Fraud Office states that if a company self-reports corruption it will impact on whether or not prosecution occurs.
Brodex Water - Environmental remedial action is often undertaken by water specialists in the case of infected supply. Some, such as UK Company Brodex Water Treatment Specialists, advertise what services the company provides in the event of Legionella disease being discovered in a local supply, such as tank chlorination and equipment replacement. This proactive strategy improves the company’s public image.
The Great Lakes - Since the mid-1980s, several ‘Remediative Action Plans’ have been drawn up to manage the impact of various stakeholders, including local businesses, on the environmental health of the American-Canadian Great Lakes region.
Volkswagen - The most recent example, VW has recently been forced to recall millions of cars to adjust deficiencies in their pollution controls, after a company policy of only activating them during emissions tests was exposed.
- Quality Progress (2005) Corrective vs. Preventive Action, [online] Available at: http://asq.org/quality-progress/2005/03/problem-solving/corrective-vs-preventive-action.html [Accessed November 2015].
- The St. Mary's River Bi-National Public Advisory Council (2015) Remedial Action Plan, [online] Available at: https://www.lssu.edu/bpac/remedial-action-plan-3 [Accessed November 2015]
- The Independent (2014) Tesco profits down 92% as scandal costs supermarket £263 million, [online] Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/tesco-profits-down-92-as-scandal-costs-supermarket-263-million-9812538.html [Accessed November 2015].
- Wise Geek (2015) What is Remedial Action, [online] Available at: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-remedial-action.htm [Accessed November 2015].
- Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (2015) Product Liability and Safety Law , [online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/product-liability-and-safety-law [Accessed November 2015].
- Serious Fraud Office (2015) Self-Reporting Process, [online] Available at: http://www.sfo.gov.uk/bribery--corruption/corporate-self-reporting/self-reporting-process.aspx [Accessed November 2015].
- Brodex Water Treatment Specialists (2015) Corrective Remedial Action, [online] Available at: http://www.brodexuk.com/services/corrective-remedial-action/ [Accessed November 2015].
- Hartig, J. (1997) Great Lakes Remedial Action Plans: Fostering Adaptive Ecosystem-Based Management Processes, American Review of Canadian Studies, 27(3), p.437.
- The Daily Telegraph (2015) VW Scandal: More than 1 million UK cars contatin Volkswagen emissions cheating device, [online] Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/industry/11901219/VW-scandal-More-than-1-million-UK-cars-contain-emissions-cheating-device.html [Accessed November 2015].
- The 8 Disciplines (8D) Process
- Laurie Rambaud (2006), 8D Structured Problem Solving: A Guide to Creating High Quality 8D Reports, PHRED Solutions, ISBN 0-9790553-0-X
- Difference between containment, corrective and preventive actions in 8D Report