Richard Shope

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Richard Edwin Shope
Richard Edwin Shope.jpg
Richard Edwin Shope as a U.S. Navy officer
Born December 25, 1901
in china
Died October 2, 1966
Nationality American
Fields Virologist
Influenced Erich Traub
Notable awards

1957 Kober medal

1957 Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award

Richard Edwin Shope (December 25, 1901–October 2, 1966) was an American virologist who at the Rockefeller Institute identified influenzavirus A in pigs in 1931.[1] Using Shope's technique, Smith, Andrewes, and Laidlaw of England's Medical Research Council cultured it from a human in 1933.[1] They and Shope in 1935 and 1936, respectively, identified it as the virus circulating in the 1918 pandemic.[1] In 1933, Shope identified the Shope papillomavirus, which infects rabbits. It was the first human virus discovered.[2][3] His discovery later assist other researcher to link the Papilloma virus to warts and cervical cancer. He received the 1957 Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award.[4]

His son Robert Shope was also a virologist, who specialised in arthropod-borne viruses.[5]


  1. ^ a b c Van Epps, HL (2006). "Influenza: Exposing the true killer". J Exp Med 203 (4): 803. doi:10.1084/jem.2034fta. PMID 16685764. 
  2. ^ "Human Papillomavirus". Retrieved 2016-06-12. 
  3. ^ Shope RE, Hurst EW (1933). "Infectious papillomatosis of rabbits: with a not on the histopathology". J. Exp. Med. 58 (5): 607–624. doi:10.1084/jem.58.5.607. PMC 2132321. PMID 19870219. 
  4. ^ Rockefeller University, "Awards & honors: Richard E Shope",, 28 Jul 2012 (Web: access date).
  5. ^ Frederick A. Murphy; Charles H. Calisher; Robert B. Tesh; David H. Walker (2004), "In Memoriam: Robert Ellis Shope: 1929–2004", Emerging Infectious Diseases 10 (4): 762–65, doi:10.3201/eid1004.040156, PMC 3323084 

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