|Ringed salamander distribution|
Linguaelapsus annulatum (Cope, 1886)
The ringed salamander (Ambystoma annulatum) is native to hardwood and mixed hardwood-pine forested areas in and around the Ozark Plateau and Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri. Most specimens are found in the vicinity of Hot Springs, Arkansas, and the Missouri portion of the Ozark Plateau. Small populations have also been found in western Illinois and eastern Oklahoma.
It is found in damp, forested areas, usually under leaves, rotting logs, or in abandoned ground holes of other organisms, near shallow ponds. Highly fossorial (adapted to digging), adults are often found in subterranean refuges. This salamander is increasingly rare and perhaps endangered, likely a result of its restricted range and specific breeding habit needs. The world population is thought to be around 100,000 animals. Its conservation status is assessed as Least Concern by the IUCN.
- IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2014). "Ambystoma annulatum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- Petranka, James W. (2010). Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 9781588343086.
- Bishop, Sherman C. (1962). Handbook of Salamanders. New York: Hafner Publishing Company.
- T., T. (1977). The Amphibians of Missouri. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Publications.