Robert D. Lilley
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|Robert Doak Lilley|
January 28, 1836|
|Died||November 12, 1886
|Place of burial||Thornrose Cemetery, Staunton, Virginia|
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Service/branch||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861–65|
|Rank||Brigadier General (CSA), temporary|
|Commands held||Lilley's Brigade, Valley District|
|Other work||financial agent at a college|
Robert Doak Lilley (January 28, 1836 – November 12, 1886) was a Confederate brigadier general during the American Civil War. He served in most of the leading battles of the Army of Northern Virginia and led a brigade of infantry in the Shenandoah Valley in the last years of the war.
Early life and career
Robert D. Lilley was born near Greenville, Virginia to a military family. His father, James M. Lilley (1802–1875), a prominent landowner and patented inventor of surveying instruments, was commissioned in 1838 as a colonel in the Virginia militia.
Lilley studied at Washington College before beginning a career selling surveying instruments invented by his father.
Civil War service
In 1861, he joined the Confederate army as a captain of the Lee Rifles, which became a company in the 25th Virginia Infantry.
The 25th Virginia joined the Army of Northern Virginia as part of Elzey's Brigade in the division of Richard S. Ewell and fought with Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley. He received a commendation for his actions at the Battle of Cedar Mountain, and again at the Second Battle of Bull Run. After heavy losses throughout 1862, he was the senior officer in his regiment at the Battle of Antietam and commanded the unit.
In January, he was promoted to major, and after the Battle of Gettysburg he was cited again and promoted to lieutenant colonel. He was temporarily promoted to brigadier general on May 31, 1864 and given command of Pegram's old brigade of Virginia Regiments in Ramseur's Division of the Second Corps. He was left in command of the brigade when it was transferred to the Shenandoah Valley with Jubal A. Early to stop the Union advance there.
Lilley was wounded three times, lost an arm, and was captured at Stephenson's Depot on July 20, 1864. He was rescued four days later at Winchester and then rejoined his brigade. He surrendered in April 1865 and was paroled at Staunton, Virginia on May 23.
Later life and career
In 1869 he became a financial agent at his alma mater, Washington College, renamed Washington and Lee College during his time there.
- Welsh, p. 140.
- Eicher, p.348, Welsh, pp. 141.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.
- Welsh, Jack D., Medical Histories of Confederate Generals, Kent State University Press, 1999, ISBN 978-0-87338-853-5.