Robert Schmidt (15 May 1864 - 16 September 1943) was a German trade unionist, journalist, politician and member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. He served as Reichsernährungsminister (Alimentation), Reichswirtschaftsminister (Economic Affairs) and Reichsminister für Wiederaufbau (Reconstruction) in a number of cabinets of the Weimar Republic.
Robert Schmidt was born in Berlin on 15 May 1864. He was apprenticed as a piano builder and from 1890 to 1893 was a member of the board of the association of piano builders of Berlin.
From 1893 to 1902, he was editor for the social-democratic newspaper Vorwärts.
From 1893 to 1898 and from 1903 to 1918, Schmidt was a member of the Reichstag of the German Empire for the Social Democratic Party of Germany. In 1902, he was a member of the Generalkommission of German trade unions and from 1903 to 1910 was head of the Zentral-Arbeitersekretariat.