Robert Sherbrooke

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Robert St Vincent Sherbrooke
Robert St Vincent Sherbrooke.jpg
Nickname(s) Rupert
Born (1901-01-08)8 January 1901
Oxton, Nottinghamshire
Died 13 June 1972(1972-06-13) (aged 71)
Oxton, Nottinghamshire
Buried at St Peter and St Paul's churchyard, Oxton
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service 1917–54
Rank Rear Admiral
Commands held Flag Officer Germany (1951–53)
HMS Daedalus III (1948–49)
HMS Aurora (1945–46)
HMS Condor (1943)
HMS Onslow (1942–43)
HMS Matabele (1940–41)
HMS Cossack (1939–40)
HMS Wakeful (1939)
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Victoria Cross
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
King Haakon VII Freedom Cross (Norway)
Relations Dione Digby, Lady Digby (daughter)
Other work Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire

Rear Admiral Robert St Vincent Sherbrooke, VC, CB, DSO, DL (8 January 1901 – 13 June 1972) was a senior officer in the Royal Navy and an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Background[edit]

Born in Oxton, Nottinghamshire, Sherbrooke attended the Royal Naval Colleges of Osborne and Dartmouth and joined the Royal Navy in 1917 as a midshipman aboard HMS Canada. He was promoted to commander in 1935 and served aboard the aircraft carrier HMS Courageous. His wartime commands were all destroyers.

VC action[edit]

Sherbrooke was 41 years old, and a captain in the Royal Navy during the Second World War when the following deed took place during the Battle of the Barents Sea for which he was awarded the VC.

On 31 December 1942 off North Cape, Norway, in the Barents Sea, Captain Sherbrooke in HMS Onslow was senior officer in command of destroyers escorting an important convoy for North Russia, when he made contact with a vastly superior enemy force—the cruiser Hipper and the pocket battleship Lutzow. Four times the enemy tried to attack the convoy but was forced back each time. Early in the action Captain Sherbrooke was seriously wounded in the face and temporarily blinded. Nevertheless, he continued to direct the ships under his command and even when the next senior officer had assumed control, he insisted on receiving all reports of the action until the convoy was out of danger. His actions—and the Nazi ships' failure to neutralize the convoy despite its superior force—were pivotal in Hitler's order to scrap the Kriegsmarine at the beginning of 1943.[1]

Later life[edit]

From July 1945 to mid-1946 Sherbrooke was CO cruiser HMS Aurora. He later achieved the rank of rear-admiral.

He was appointed High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire for 1958–59.[2] His daughter is Dione Digby, Lady Digby.

He died in his home town of Oxton, aged 71.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35859. pp. 283–284. 8 January 1943. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 41340. p. 1779. 18 March 1958. Retrieved 11 August 2014.

External links[edit]