Diyarbakir, Ottoman Turkey
|Died||16 August 1915 (aged 41)
Diyarbakir, Ottoman Turkey
|Occupation||Writer, poet, educator, translator, and political activist.|
Rupen Zartarian or Roupen Zartarian (Armenian: Ռուբէն Զարդարեան) (1874 – 16 August 1915) was an Armenian writer, educator, and political activist. He was killed by Turkish authorities during the Armenian Genocide.
Zartarian was born in 1874 in the city of Tigranakert (today Diyarbakir), but moved to Harput (or Kharpert) (Armenian: Խարբերդ) when he was two. He received his education from the educational institutions of that city.
Zartarian became a student of Tlgadintsi (Hovhannes Harutiunian, 1910–1912), who was a leading figure in rural Armenian literature. Tlgandintsi was also killed by the Turkish authorities during the Armenian Genocide. Zartarian was greatly influenced by his mentor, and his writing career stemmed from the encouragement he obtained. At the age of 18, he started teaching, and for the following decade, he continued in the field of education. At first, he taught at Tlgandinsti’s institution, he then spent three years in French religious institutes.
In 1903, he was arrested by the Turkish government and subsequently forced to leave the country because of his political activity. He established himself in Bulgaria and in 1906, founded a new newspaper called Razmig (Armenian: Ռազմիկ). When writing for the newspaper, he would often reiterate the need for Armenian nationals living outside their homeland to pursue working towards the ultimate goal of an autonomous Armenia. In 1908, he returned to Constantinople (Istanbul), along with many other Armenian intellectuals. A year later, he worked for the newspaper Azadamard (Armenian: Ազատամարտ) while teaching the Central College (Armenian: Կեդրոնական Վարժարան).
During the Armenian Genocide, Zartarian was taken to Ayaş and kept in prison on 5 May and later taken under military escort to Diyarbakır to appear before a court martial there and was murdered by Cherkes Ahmet, and lieutenants Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır.
Zartarian started writing poems at the age of 11, and his articles were published in many newspapers. In 1910, he released a volume called nocturnal clarity (Armenian: Ցայգլոս) that was subsequently translated in French. Many of his works were collected by a group called “The Friends of Fallen Authors” and released as a volume in 1930 in Paris.
His duties as an editor often hindered his creativity as a writer. He had many responsibilities and he would have surely produced more books had he been free of them.
Some of his stories include:
- The Petrified (Karatsadznere, Armenian: Քարացածները),
- The Lake’s Bride (Dzovagin Harse, Armenian: Ծովակին հարսը),
- Flowers, Red Flowers (Dzaghigner Garmir Dzaghigner, Armenian: Ծաղիկներ, կարմիր ծաղիկներ),
- The Injured Hunter (Zarnevadz Vorsorte Armenian: Զարնուած որսորդը)
- The Prisoner’s Tear (Prnavorin Artsoonke Armenian: Բռնաւորին արցունքը)
- HomeLove (Dan Ser Armenian: Տան սէր)
All of these narratives are a mixture of ordinary life situations and fiction. He was able to cultivate this mixture in a new and very interesting way. His poetry usually focused on the beauty of nature. It can almost be said that he was the fore figure in this new genre of the Armenian literature scene.
Zartarian was a great figure from the rural Armenian scene. He was a true admirer of beauty and always wrote with a somewhat critical viewpoint. He wrote in Western Armenian and was a true connoisseur of the language. His writing style was one of finesse and very delicate depictions. Erukhan described his writing as the cleanest, most opulent and haughtiest of their time.
Inspiration was a key element for this author. He often said that the pages on his desk would remain unfilled until he would feel inspired enough to write. He was never in a rush to write and did not see it as a job, but rather as stimulating work. Being more of poet by nature, his works are peppered with poetic influences. His love of poetry contributed significantly to the splendor of his works.
Translated from Armenian: N.A. Արդի հայական գրականութիւն Բ հատոր, [Modern Armenian literature], 2002, pg. 50-53
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- Armenian Genocide
- Armenian notables deported from the Ottoman capital in 1915
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