All people with this condition are extremely short with particularly short arms and legs. Other signs and symptoms include unusual bowing of the leg bones; a small chest with short ribs and curved collar bones; short, broad fingers; and folds of extra skin on the arms and legs. Structural abnormalities of the brain lead to seizures, profound developmental delay, and mental retardation. Acanthosis nigricans, a progressive skin disorder characterized by thick, dark, velvety skin, develops in infancy or early childhood. People with SADDAN often live into childhood and adulthood.
This disorder is very rare; it has been described in only a small number of individuals worldwide.
- Bellus GA, Bamshad MJ, Przylepa KA, Dorst J, Lee RR, Hurko O, Jabs EW, Curry CJ, Wilcox WR, Lachman RS, Rimoin DL, Francomano CA (1999). "Severe achondroplasia with developmental delay and acanthosis nigricans (SADDAN): phenotypic analysis of a new skeletal dysplasia caused by a Lys650Met mutation in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3". Am J Med Genet. 85 (1): 53–65. PMID 10377013. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19990702)85:1<53::AID-AJMG10>3.0.CO;2-F.
- Cohen MM Jr (2002). "Some chondrodysplasias with short limbs: molecular perspectives". Am J Med Genet. 112 (3): 304–13. PMID 12357475. doi:10.1002/ajmg.10780.
- Vajo Z, Francomano CA, Wilkin DJ (2000). "The molecular and genetic basis of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 disorders: the achondroplasia family of skeletal dysplasias, Muenke craniosynostosis, and Crouzon syndrome with acanthosis nigricans". Endocr Rev. 21 (1): 23–39. PMID 10696568. doi:10.1210/er.21.1.23.