SBBL 32 pounder

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Ordnance SBBL 32 Pounder gun
SBBL 32 pounder gun on medium sliding garrison carriage No. 6 diagram
Diagram, SBBL 32 pounder gun on medium sliding garrison carriage No. 6
Type Flank defence gun
Saluting gun
Time gun
Place of origin United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1882 - 1927
Used by Army
Production history
Designer Royal Gun Factory
Designed 1880
Manufacturer Royal Arsenal
Variants Mk I only
Specifications
Barrel length 86 inches (2.2 m) (bore)[1]

Shell 55 pounds (24.95 kg) Case shot Mk I
Calibre 6.3-inch (160.0 mm)
Maximum firing range Mk I : 400 yards (370 m)
Sights Centre sight only

Design and role[edit]

The SBBL 32 pounder was a smooth-bore breech loading gun made by converting older 32 pounder 42 cwt smooth-bore muzzle-loading guns.[2] The guns chosen for conversion were Monk Pattern guns of 42 cwt, a lighter and shorter variant of muzzle loader. The cascabel of the gun was cut off and a double action breech block was fitted. A new vent was drilled in front of the breech mechanism, as the guns were designed to be fired with short friction tubes, the standard means of ignition for artillery pieces at the time.

A SBBL 32 pounder in a caponier at Fort Nelson

The conversion was first suggested in 1879 to enable guns fitted in the flank defence of fortifications to be fired much more rapidly. They were used in caponiers to provide flanking fire to fortifications.[2] In this role their targets would have been personnel entering ditches, and the guns were designed to fire case shot only, with ranges of up to about 500 yards.[2] Because of the nature of the conversion, and the type of ammunition, a service charge of 3lb of black powder was used, as opposed to around three times that amount for a conventional 32-pounder muzzle loading gun.

Case shot for 32 Pr SBBL

The guns were only ever mounted on one type of carriage. It was an iron sliding carriage and platform, which enabled the gun to be traversed left and right, as well as run back for storage. The slide also acted to absorb recoil from the gun when it was fired. An elevating screw and wooden elevating wedge (or Quoin) was also provided, to enable the gun to be elevated or depressed.

They were originally assigned a crew of six, but this was latter reduced to four.[2] Since the role of flank defence was considered to be of limited importance there was considerable delay in mounting the guns.[2] They were only ever designed to fire case shot, because of the limited field of fire they were given in fortifications.

Later use and surviving examples[edit]

32 Pounder SBBL as Time gun, Edinburgh Castle, c. 1910

In the flank defence role the guns were quickly superseded with the introduction of the machine gun and were declared obsolete in that role in 1907.[2] Rather than being completely scrapped, many SBBL 32 pounders were later used in a saluting role;[2] One gun was also used at Edinburgh Castle to fire the One O'Clock gun up until the First World War.

Seven examples of the guns survive in the United Kingdom in the collection of the Royal Armouries. Four of them are mounted in original positions at Fort Nelson, Hampshire.[3]

The Saluting Battery in Valletta, Malta was equipped with SBBL 32 pounders from 1906 to 1927. In 2011 eight working replicas were installed in the battery when it was being restored. The guns are now fired twice every day.[4]

A replica of a SBBL 32 pounder being fired at the Saluting Battery, Valletta, Malta.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Treatise on Construction of Service Ordnance 1877, page 292
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Moore, David (1994). Arming the Forts The Artillery of the Victorian Land Forts. The Palmerston Forts Society. p. 4. ISBN 0-9523634-0-2. 
  3. ^ https://collections.royalarmouries.org/#/objects?search=sbbl&sort=relevance
  4. ^ "History time-line". Fondazzjoni Wirt Artna. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 

External links[edit]