Sale v. Haitian Centers Council, Inc.
|Sale v. Haitian Centers Council|
|Argued March 2, 1993
Decided June 21, 1993
|Full case name||Sale, Acting Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service, et al., Petitioners
Haitian Centers Council, Inc.
|Citations||509 U.S. 155 (more)|
|Neither 243(h) nor Article 33 limits the President's power to order the Coast Guard to repatriate undocumented aliens intercepted on the high seas.|
|Majority||Stevens, joined by Rehnquist, White, O'Connor, Scalia, Kennedy, Souter, Thomas|
Sale v. Haitian Centers Council, 509 U.S. 155 (1993), is a case in which U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the President's executive order that all aliens intercepted on the high seas could be repatriated and that executive order was not limited by the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 or Article 33 of the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.
Originally, the United States and the Haitian government made an agreement in 1981 to stop all vessels coming to the United States and return any undocumented aliens who were not refugees and would not be harmed upon return.
After a regime change in Haiti, American policy changed and was interpreted that all undocumented aliens would be sent back unless they landed and made an entry onto the territory of the United States.
The case came before the court on March 2, 1993, and was decided on June 21, 1993. The oral argument for the defendant was made by then Yale law professor Harold Koh (from 2009 to 2013, Koh was the Legal Adviser of the Department of State).
A slightly different case with the name Haitian Centers Council v. Sale was argued and won by Mr. Koh's team of law students from Yale before Judge Sterling Johnson of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York. Lead counsel was provided on a pro bono basis by Joe Tringali of Simpson Thacher & Bartlett. However, this decision was later vacated due to a negotiated settlement deal made by the Clinton Administration and Yale Law School. The full background and details of both cases are found in the book Storming the Court by Brandt Goldstein.
- List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 509
- List of United States Supreme Court cases
- Lists of United States Supreme Court cases by volume
- List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Rehnquist Court
- Jones, Thomas David (1994). "Sale v. Haitian Centers Council, Inc.". The American Journal of International Law. American Society of International Law. 88 (1): 114–126. doi:10.2307/2204028. JSTOR 2204028.
- 'Storming the Court', Goldstein, Brandt, 2005 (Scribner, paperback) ISBN 0-7432-3001-9
- Full text opinion from Findlaw.com
- Full Text at Cornell Law School
- URL for the current Haitian Centers Council Inc. Website.
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