House of Santen

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Santen
von Santen, van Santen, van Zanten, de Santen
Noble family
Country  Netherlands
 Germany
Ethnicity Dutch-German
Founded Medieval Germany (Medieval Germany)

Santen (von Santen; van Santen; van Zanten; de Santen) is a Prussian ancient noble and aristocratic family who originated in the medieval Lower Rhine region.[1] Branches of the family are still extant today.[2]

History[edit]

The family originated in the city of Xanten in the medieval period. The earliest documented member was the 14th century knight, Ritter Johannes von Santen.[3] Surviving documents show his descendants continuing to serve as knights in the Prince-Bishopric of Münster for several centuries. Following the 1534-1535 Münster Rebellion, however, the family moved north to East Friesland, where they became prominent patricians of Emden and large landowners in the surrounding area.[4]

Following the transfer of East Friesland from Prussia to the Kingdom of Hanover as part of the 1815 Congress of Vienna settlement, the family dispersed. Many members moved either east, to remain in Prussia, or west, to move to the Netherlands. The Prussian branch was seated on the island of Rügen until at least 1859, while the Dutch branch settled in North Holland.[5] Other members remained in Hanover, where they maintained multiple estates.[6]

Heraldry[edit]

Escutcheon: Argent, to a naissant stag Gules, mouv, of three fess wavy Azure in base and accompanied in chief in sinister of a rose of the second. Crest: an issuant stag Gules.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ernst Heinrich Kneschke. Neues allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexicon... Vol. VIII. (Leipzig, 1868): 45.
  2. ^ All living family members today are descended from Hans Paul von Santen (1578-1641). Other families share the same name but are not part of this noble house. For example, the Santen family from Mecklenburg; see Gritzner und Kraemer, Ergänzungsband, enthaltend die Nachträge und Ergänzungen zu den Staatenwappen... J. Siebmacher's großes Wappenbuch, Band 7, Abt. 1. (Nürnberg, 1858): 33.
  3. ^ Kneschke. 45.
  4. ^ Rolf Uphoff. Hieronymus Ibeling von Santen. Ostfriesische Landschaft, Biographisches Lexikon IV. (Aurich, 2007): 368-370.
  5. ^ Otto Titan von Hefner. Der Adel des Königreichs Preußen. J. Siebmachers's großes Wappenbuch, Band 3, Abt. 1. (Nürnberg, 1857): 345.
  6. ^ Ulrike Hindersmann. Der ritterschaftliche Adel im Königreich Hannover 1814-1866. (Hannover, 2001): 506.
  7. ^ J.B. Rietstap. Armorial général, précedé d'un Dictionnaire des termes du blason. Tome II. (Gouda: 1887): 669.

References[edit]

  • Otto Titan von Hefner. Der Adel des Königreichs Preußen. J. Siebmachers's großes Wappenbuch, Band 3, Abt. 1. Nürnberg, 1857.
  • Otto Titan von Hefner. Ergänzungsband, enthaltend die Nachträge und Ergänzungen zu den Staatenwappen von Russland und Baden, ferner zu dem Adel von Bayern, (Grafen und Freiherren), Sachsen, Schwarzburg, Waldeck, Württemberg, Mecklenburg u. Tyrol. J. Siebmachers's großes Wappenbuch, Band 7, Abt. 1. Nürnberg, 1858.
  • Ulrike Hindersmann. Der ritterschaftliche Adel im Königreich Hannover 1814-1866. Hannover, 2001.
  • Ernst Heinrich Kneschke. Neues allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexicon im Verein mit mehreren Historikern herausgegeben Band 8. Leipzig, 1868.
  • Leopold von Ledebur. Adelslexicon der Preussischen Monarchie. Band 2. Berlin, 1856.
  • J.B. Rietstap. Armorial général, précedé d'un Dictionnaire des termes du blason. Book 2. Gouda: 1887.
  • Rolf Uphoff. Hieronymus Ibeling von Santen. Ostfriesische Landschaft, Biographisches Lexikon 4. Aurich, 2007.