Sarcina (genus)

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Gastritis with Sarcina - a1 - very high mag.jpg
Gastric mucosa and sarcina. H&E stain.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Clostridia
Order: Clostridiales
Family: Clostridiaceae
Genus: Sarcina
Type species
Sarcina ventriculi
Goodsir, 1842[1]

Sarcina is a genus of Gram-positive cocci bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae.[2][3][4] A synthesizer of microbial cellulose,[5] various members of the genus are human flora and may be found in the skin [6] and large intestine.[7] The genus takes its name from the Latin word "sarcina," meaning pack or bundle, after the cuboidal (2x2x2) cellual associations they form during division along three planes.[8]

The genus's type species is Sarcina ventriculi, a variety found on the surface of cereal seeds, in soil, mud, and in the stomachs of humans, rabbits, and guinea pigs.[9]


  • Sarcina aurantiaca
  • Sarcina maxima has been reclassified to Clostridium maximum
  • Sarcina ventriculi
  • Sarcina lutea


  1. ^ a b Euzéby, J.P. "Sarcina". List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
  2. ^ "Sarcina". Random House Dictionary of the English Language. Random House. 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
  3. ^ "Result of detail taxonomy information". TXSearch Taxonomy Retrieval. DNA Data Bank of Japan. 19 February 2010. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
  4. ^ "Sarcina aurantiaca". Zipcode Zoo. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
  5. ^ P. Ross, R. Mayer, and M. Benziman (1991) "Cellulose biosynthesis and function in bacteria," Microbiol Mol Biol Rev, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 35-58, Mar.
  6. ^ HOLT, R. J. (29 July 2006). "THE ESTERASE AND LIPASE ACTIVITY OF AEROBIC SKIN BACTERIA". British Journal of Dermatology. 85 (1): 18–23. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2133.1971.tb07172.x.
  7. ^ Crowther, J. S. (1 August 1971). "Sarcina Ventriculi In Human Faeces". Journal of Medical Microbiology. 4 (3): 343–350. doi:10.1099/00222615-4-3-343.
  8. ^ Michael J. Leboffe & Burton E. Pierce. A Photographic Atlas for the Microbiology Laboratory (4 ed.). p. 39.
  9. ^ "Sarcina ventriculi". Stedman's Medical Spellchecker. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2006. Retrieved 31 March 2010.