Shimun XXI Benyamin
Benyamin XXIII Shimun
Mar Shimun XXI Benyamin on or before 1913
|Church||Assyrian Church of the East|
|Diocese||Patriarchal Diocese of Qodshanis|
|See||Apostolic See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon|
|Installed||30 March 1903|
|Term ended||3 March 1918|
|Predecessor||Mar Shimun XVIII Rouel (1860/1861-1903)|
|Successor||Mar Shimun XXII Paulos (1918–1920)|
Qodshanis, Hakkari, Ottoman Empire
|Died||3 March 1918
|Denomination||Christian, Assyrian Church of the East|
|Residence||Qodshanis, Hakkari, Turkey and later Urmia, Persia|
He was born in 1887 in the village of Qochanis in the Hakkari Province, Ottoman Empire (modern-day southeastern Turkey). His paternal uncle was Mar Shimun XVIII of Rubil patriarch from 1860 to 1903), and Asyat, daughter of Kambar from Iyl. He had six siblings: Isaiah, Zaya, Rolus (who succeeded him as Patriarch), David, Hormizd, Surma. His brother Hormizd was later killed while studying in Istanbul during the Deportation of Armenian intellectuals on 24 April 1915.
He was consecrated a Metropolitan on March 1, 1903 by his uncle, the Catholicos Patriarch who died on March 16, 1903. He succeeded his predecessor at the age of eighteen and occupied the patriarchal See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon at Qudchanis for 15 years. In March, 1918, Mar Benyamin along with 150 of his bodyguards were assassinated by Simko Shikak (Ismail Agha Shikak), a Kurdish agha, in the town of Salmas (Persia) under a truce flag (see Assyrian Genocide).
- "It is impossible for me and my people to surrender after seeing the atrocities done to my Assyrian people by your government; therefore my brother is one, my people are many, I would rather lose my brother but not my nation."
- Baum, Wilhelm; Winkler, Dietmar W. (2003). The Church of the East: A Concise History. London-New York: Routledge-Curzon.
- Baumer, Christoph (2006). The Church of the East: An Illustrated History of Assyrian Christianity. London-New York: Tauris.
- Coakley, James F. (1992). The Church of the East and the Church of England: A History of the Archbishop of Canterbury's Assyrian Mission. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- Coakley, James F. (1996). "The Church of the East since 1914". The Bulletin of the John Rylands Library. 78 (3): 179–198.
- Wilmshurst, David (2000). The Ecclesiastical Organisation of the Church of the East, 1318–1913. Louvain: Peeters Publishers.
- Wilmshurst, David (2011). The martyred Church: A History of the Church of the East. London: East & West Publishing Limited.
- Official site of the Assyrian Church of the East
- "Patriarchs of the East" at friesian.com
- The Invitation of the Patriarch Mar Binyamin at www.aina.org (First-hand account by Malik Daniel Bar Malik Ismail of Mar Benyamin's assassination)
|Assyrian Church of the East titles|
Mar Shimun XVIII Rubil
|Catholicos-Patriarch of the Church of the East
Mar Shimun XXII Paulos
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