Christoffel Brand

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Sir Christoffel Joseph Brand
C. Brand, Speaker of the House of Assembly
1st Speaker of the Cape House of Assembly
In office
1854–1873
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister John Charles Molteno (1872–1873)
Governor George Grey
Robert Wynyard
Philip Edmond Wodehouse
Charles Craufurd Hay
Henry Barkly
Preceded by Position Established
Succeeded by David Tennant
Personal details
Born 21 June 1797
Cape Town, Cape Colony
Died 19 May 1875 (1875-05-20) (aged 77)
Cape Town, Cape Colony
Spouse(s) Catharina Fredrica Küchler
Children Johannes Brand
Alma mater University of Leiden
Occupation Politician
Newspaper editor
Profession lawyer, journalist

Sir Christoffel Joseph Brand (21 June 1797 Cape Town – 19 May 1875 Cape Town) was a South African jurist, politician, statesman and first Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the Cape Colony.

Early life and education[edit]

Christoffel Brand was born in 1797, during the twilight years of the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch Cape Colony. Brand came from a long line of Dutch colonial administrators: both his father and grandfather had been officials with the Dutch East India Company.[1] He was the godson of Joseph Banks, the noted British naturalist, whom his grandfather had worked with.[1]

After receiving his initial education in Cape Town, Brand attended the University of Leiden from 1815,[1] where he obtained a doctorate in law in 1820 with a dissertation on the relationship that colonies have to the mother country – Dissertatio politico-juridica de jure coloniarum. He also earned a doctorate of letters with a thesis Quaestiones in Socratis sententiam de Deo.

Career[edit]

He returned to South Africa and in 1821 established a law practice in Cape Town, before beginning to take an active interest in politics.[1] He was one of the founders of the Zuid-Afrikaansch Athenaeum (South Africa's first university for Dutch-speaking students) in 1828, and was one of the first advocates in the Supreme Court in 1829. A founder member of the newspaper De Zuid-Afrikaan, he was also its editor and championed the Dutch language in his editorials. Brand was bitterly disillusioned by the manner in which he perceived the British government to have marginalized the Cape Dutch community, treating them on an unequal basis with British colonists.[1]

Together with John Fairbairn, he campaigned for representative government and supported the Anti-Convict Movement. Together with F.W. Reitz, Sr. (father of State President Francis William Reitz of the Orange Free State), Fairbairn and Stockenström, he agitated for an elected Legislative Assembly. When representative government was finally introduced, Brand became the first Speaker of the Cape House of Assembly – a position he held for 20 years. He was knighted in 1860.

He was also a prominent supporter of the movement for responsible government, and became the first Speaker of the Cape parliament under this new system, when it was instituted by the Molteno Ministry in 1872.[2]

Sir Christoffel was a high-ranking Freemason and Deputy Grand Master National of the Grand Orient of the Netherlands (Het Groot Oosten der Nederlanden) in South Africa from 1847 to 1874.[3]

Family[edit]

Sir Christoffel Brand, 1860s–1870s

Christoffel Brand was married to Catharina Fredrica Küchler. His son was Johannes Brand who became 4th State President of the Orange Free State.[1] His second name "Joseph" was after the naturalist Sir Joseph Banks, a close friend of Christoffel's grandfather.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Ross, Robert (1999). Status and Respectability in the Cape Colony, 1750–1870: A Tragedy of Manners. Philadelphia: Cambridge University Press. pp. 47–58. ISBN 978-0521621229. 
  2. ^ Denis Larionov & Alexander Zhulin. "Read the eBook The old Cape House, being pages from the history of a legislative assembly by Ralph Kilpin online for free (page 7 of 12)". ebooksread.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  3. ^ Inventory of the Archives of the Secretary, Lodge De Goede Hoop, Cape Town, 1772–1963 (inventory 5/4/6) in the TANAP Collection.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kilpin, R.: The Old Cape House, being pages from the history of a legislative assembly. Cape Town: T.M. Miller, 1918.
  • Molteno, P.A.: The life and times of Sir John Charles Molteno, K. C. M. G., First Premier of Cape Colony, Comprising a History of Representative Institutions and Responsible Government at the Cape. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1900.
Political offices
Preceded by
Office created
Speaker of the House of Assembly of the Cape Colony
1854-1873
Succeeded by
Sir David Tennant