Edward Harwood (English Army officer)

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Sir Edward Harwood (1586?–1632) was an English army officer, known for his role as commander in fighting in the Netherlands, and for his religious views.

Life[edit]

He was born about 1586, in Norfolk, and had an extended military career, entering Dutch service at age 13, gaining a company after combat at the Siege of Ostend. He took part in the Sluis campaign in 1604 under Horace Vere and was ranked captain by 1606 after the siege of Rheinberg.[1] He became colonel of an English regiment in the Netherlands in 1622/3, by purchase from Viscount L'Isle;[2] and was then one of the four standing colonels in the Low Countries. He was shot at the siege of Maastricht in 1632.[3] His brother George Harwood belonged to the Feoffees for Impropriations.[4]

Harwood was known as a lay supporter of Puritanism. In Dutch affairs leading up to the Synod of Dort, and at that time lieutenant-colonel in Viscount L'Isle's regiment, he was briefing George Abbot.[5] He intervened in 1622 to secure the appointment of William Ames at the University of Franeker;[6] and he also supported John Burges.[7] He was a significant international connection for Puritans.[8]

Harwood signed the Second Virginia Charter of 1609.[9] He was also involved in the Somers Isles Company, and was a charter member of the Providence Island Company.[10]

Works[edit]

In 1642, his brother George Harwood, a merchant of London, published The Advice of Sir E. Harwood, written by King Charles his Command, upon occasion of the French King's preparation, and presented in his life time by his owne hand, to his Majestie: … also a Relation of his life and death, by Hugh Peters, &c., London. It was reprinted in Harleian Miscellany, ed. Park.[3] Peters met Harwood around 1630, and may have acted as his chaplain.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mary Arshagouni Papazian (2003). John Donne and the Protestant Reformation: New Perspectives. Wayne State University Press. pp. 171–2. ISBN 978-0-8143-3012-8. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Charles Dalton, Life and Times of General Sir Edward Cecil, Viscount Wimbledon vol. 2 (1885), pp. 15–6; archive.org.
  3. ^ a b Goodwin 1891.
  4. ^ Nicholas Tyacke (2001). Aspects of English Protestantism, C. 1530-1700. Manchester University Press. p. 121. ISBN 978-0-7190-5392-4. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Anthony Milton; Church of England. Record Society (2005). The British Delegation And the Synod of Dort (1618-1619). Boydell Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-84383-157-0. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Francis J. Bremer (9 June 1994). Congregational Communion: Clerical Friendship in the Anglo-American Puritan Community, 1610-1692. UPNE. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-55553-186-7. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  7. ^ David Worthington (25 January 2010). British and Irish Emigrants and Exiles in Europe, 1603-1688. BRILL. p. 243. ISBN 978-90-04-18008-6. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  8. ^ L. J. Reeve (30 October 2003). Charles I and the Road to Personal Rule. Cambridge University Press. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-521-52133-8. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  9. ^ William Stith (1747). The history of the first discovery and settlement of Virginia. Reprint Co. p. 348. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  10. ^ Karen Kupperman, Providence Island 1630 - 1641: The Other Puritan Colony, Cambridge University Press, (1995), p. 358.
  11. ^ Firth 1896.
Attribution

External links[edit]