Sir John Wittewrong, 1st Baronet

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Sir John Wittewrong, 1st Baronet (1 November 1618 – 23 June 1693) was an English parliamentarian colonel and squire of Rothamsted Manor.

Life[edit]

The Wittewrongs were a Flemish Protestant family who in 1564 left Ghent in the Spanish Netherlands for London.[1] Jacques Wittewrong came to London with his wife and two children. Most of the Wittewrong family followed Jacques, who made a career as a public notary,[2] and died in 1593.

John Wittewrong was a grandson of Jacques, and son of Jacob Wittewrong(le) (1558–1622)[3] by his second wife Anna, daughter of Garrard Vanaker of Antwerp, a merchant. Jacob was a wealthy brewer.[4] On Jacob's death, Anna married Thomas Myddelton, as his fourth wife, and survived him.[5] Through his stepfather John gained a Welsh connection, and he was later High Sheriff of Montgomeryshire for 1665 through the manor of Talerddig.[6]

He was knighted in 1640, and then fought on the side of Parliament in the English Civil War as a colonel. He was High Sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1658.[7] In religion he was an Independent, at one time a member of the congregation of William Bridge, and later supported ministers of nonconforming views.,[8]

He bought land at Wheathampstead in 1649.[9] He was created baronet in 1662, and in 1667 bought Stantonbury from Sir John Temple[disambiguation needed], where he built a mansion of which only a few traces are left.[10][11] He also owned Rothamsted Manor;[1] the family had leased it from 1611, and purchased it in 1623, after which Sir John made many alterations.[12]

John Witteronge was a weather diarist

The Diary[edit]

When the weather diary was written, the Julian Calendar (Old Style) was in use in England, and all dates are therefore 10 days behind the present calendar. To make Sir John’s dates consistent with today’s calendar 10 days must be added. Also the new year ‘began’ on March 25th although the 1st of January was often thought of as the start of the year. To avoid confusion dates from 1st January to the 24th March were often written as (for example) 1684/5 and this was practised by Sir John in his Diary. (Williams & Stevenson (HRS)) 1999.

The diary records the weather on a regular basis. Sir John was one of the first private individuals to own a domestic barometer (Banfield 1978) or Weather Glass. The approximate relationship between the state of the weather and height of the mercury had been discovered by about 1644. The values in use at this time (1684) have remained generally unaltered to the present day[13]

References[edit]

  • Hertfordshire Record Society, Volume XV "Observations of Weather": the Weather Diary of Sir John Wittewronge of Rothamsted 1684-89
  • The Copy of a Letter from Alisbury. Directed to Colonell Hampden, Colonell Goodwin, and read in both Houses of Parliament, May 18. 1643. Thomason Collection, British Library E.102[15]. A letter from Wittewrong, published in London, giving an account of the Royalists' burning of the town of Swanborne, in Buckinghamshire.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Rothamsted Manor Limited, Harpenden". rothamsted.ac.uk. 2007-10-24. Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  2. ^ "Answer: 97031: Wittewronge, Rothamsted, Harpenden (Hertfordshire Genealogy)". Genealogy in Hertfordshire. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  3. ^ "Our Kind of People". gallery.e2bn.org. 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  4. ^ Liên Luu (2005). Immigrants and the industries of London, 1500-1700. p. 285.
  5. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1894). "Myddleton, Thomas (1550-1631)" . Dictionary of National Biography. 39. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  6. ^ Collections historical & archaeological relating to Montgomeryshire and its borders. Powys-Land Club. pp. 343–4.
  7. ^ James Sanders (1912). History of the Siderfin family of West Somerset. p. 23.
  8. ^ John Trevor Cliffe (1993). The Puritan gentry besieged, 1650-1700. pp. 48–9.
  9. ^ "Wheathampstead with Harpenden: Manors | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  10. ^ "Stantonbury (later becoming New Bradwell)". met.open.ac.uk. 2007-08-17. Archived from the original on 2007-08-17. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  11. ^ "Parishes : Stantonbury | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  12. ^ "In Rothamsted Park - Walks". The AA. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  13. ^ Margaret Harcourt Williams; John Stevenson (eds.). "Observations of Weather". The Weather Diary of Sir John Wittewronge of Rothamsted 1684 - 1689. Hertfordshire Record Society (HRS). The diary is the property of Hertfordshire County Council and is held at Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies (HALS) ref HALS D/ELw/F19