Sosnove

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Sosnove
Urban-type settlement
Main Street and square in Sosnove
Main Street and square in Sosnove
Coat of arms of Sosnove
Coat of arms
Sosnove is located in Rivne Oblast
Sosnove
Sosnove
Sosnove is located in Ukraine
Sosnove
Sosnove
Coordinates: 50°49′N 27°00′E / 50.817°N 27.000°E / 50.817; 27.000Coordinates: 50°49′N 27°00′E / 50.817°N 27.000°E / 50.817; 27.000
Country  Ukraine
Province  Rivne Oblast
District Berezne Raion
Founded 1708
Population (2017)
 • Total 2,002
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Sosnove (Ukrainian: Соснове, Russian: Сосновое, Polish: Ludwipol) is an urban-type settlement in Berezne Raion of Rivne Oblast, Ukraine, located in the historic region of Volhynia. Population: 2,002 (2017 est.)[1].

The Sluch River flows through the town.

History

Historical affiliations

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1708–1793
 Russian Empire 1793–1917
 Second Polish Republic 1919–1945
    Soviet Union 1939–1941 (occupation)
    Nazi Germany 1941–1944 (occupation)
    Soviet Union 1944–1945 (occupation)
 Soviet Union 1945–1991
 Ukraine 1991–present

Before 1945 Ludwipol was a Polish village in Kostopol County, Wołyń Voivodship and gmina. The town of Ludwipol was founded in 1708 after the town of Hubków, which lies 4 km to the east of current day Sosnove, was destroyed during the Swedish invasion of Poland during the Great Northern War.

The Gmina Ludwipol consisted of villages, colonies, and hutors in most cases no longer in existence; not even traces of their names remain.

Between World War I and World War II Ludwipol was a capital of the Ludwipol gmina in the historic region of Volhynia, and its population was mostly Jewish.

There is a memorial for the mass grave of Ludvipol Jewish families killed by the Nazis in 1942. The memorial is located in the forest over the Sluch, a short way from town.

The Wójt for the gmina during this inter-war period was Marian Chołodecki. Sometime during 1944 the entire town of Ludwipol was burned to the ground in retaliation for the killing of some German soldiers by area partisans. The eradication of the Gmina Ludwipol was a result of both the ethnic cleansing by Ukrainian nationalists in World War II especially in 1943, as well as the population transfer conducted by the Soviets in 1945. The remaining inhabitants were moved to the Recovered Territories of Poland.

At its place a new settlement called Sosnove was built.

Other names and spelling variations

  • Sosnovoje (Ukrainian)
  • Selisht, Selishche (Yiddish), Rovno Gibernia, Ukraine
  • Seish Scihin (Yiddish)
  • Siedlisczce, Siedliszcze (Russian)
  • Sagol Slistht (German)
  • Ludwipol, Ludvipol, Lyudvipol (Ukrainian)
  • Ludwipol (Poland)
  • Lyudvilpol (Hungarian)
  • Lyudvopol (Czech)

References

External links