Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic

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Map of Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic

The southern congolian forest-savanna mosaic covers a large area of the southern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Many African elephants are found in this forest including a number of different species. Its rich blend of habitats provides key insights into the biogeography of central Africa with the extensive climatic variation that it has been experiencing for the last 10 million years. The human population is not high. There is only one secured area in this ecoregion. The political situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is unstable; until the country is stable, no important conservation work is possible.[1]

Central Africa is familiar with repeated climatic variation that have caused rain forest and savanna expansion and deflation in consideration of the late Pleistocene tectonics defined the Congo Basin.[2] Important climatic shifts have occurred more than 20 times in less than 10 million years.[3] Plants and animals adapt, change, and go extinct with any climatic oscillation. Widespread and immensely resilient organisms that lived through in islands of habitat and accustomed to spatial fluidity were favored.[3] During dry periods, savanna communities breached far into the Congo Basin. The relatively moist riparian forests become detached from one another and compose forest island localities in the savanna matrix.[3][4][5][6]


  1. ^ Kelman, Illisa. "Central Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola". World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2013-12-23. 
  2. ^ Faniran, A.; L.K. Jeje (July 1984). Humid Tropical Geomorphology: A Study of the Geomorphological Processes and Landforms in Warm Humid Climates. Longman Group United Kingdom. ISBN 978-0582643468. 
  3. ^ a b c Kingdon, Jonathan (May 1990). Island Africa: The Evolution of Africa's Rare Animals and Plants. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691085609. 
  4. ^ White, Frank (1983). The vegetation of Africa: a descriptive memoir to accompany the Unesco/AETFAT/UNSO vegetation map of Africa. UNESCO. ISBN 9789231019555. 
  5. ^ Smith, Thomas B.; Robert K. Wayne; Derek J. Girman; Michael W. Bruford (20 June 1997). "A Role for Ecotones in Generating Rainforest Biodiversity". Science. 276 (5320): 1855–1857. doi:10.1126/science.276.5320.1855. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "Savannas of the Green Heart of Africa". World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 1 March 2014.