Spanish destroyer Almirante Ferrándiz
|Namesake:||José Ferrándiz y Niño|
|Builder:||SECN, Naval Dockyard, Cartagena, Spain|
|Fate:||1936 sunk by the Spanish nationalist cruiser Canarias|
|Class and type:||Churruca-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||1,650 tons (normal); 2,067 tons (maximum)|
|Length:||101 m (331 ft 4 in)|
|Beam:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||3.3 m (10 ft 10 in)|
|Installed power:||4 Yarrow boilers
42,000 hp (31,000 kW)
|Propulsion:||2 Parsons turbines|
|Speed:||36 knots (67 km/h)|
|Range:||5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
3,100 nautical miles (5,700 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h)
Almirante Ferrándiz took part in the Gibraltar Strait blockade. When a Republican squadron penetrated the Cantabrian Sea to relieve Republican troops isolated in the north, she remained in the strait with Gravina to stop any movement of Nationalist troops between Africa and the Iberian peninsula.
On 29 September 1936, at the Battle of Cape Espartel, Canarias opened fire from 16 kilometres (8.6 nmi), and hit Almirante Ferrándiz with her second salvo. Ferrándiz continued sailing away from Canarias, but the heavy cruiser struck her again with a third salvo, at 20 km (11 nmi). The destroyer took a total of six hits from Canarias 's 200 mm (8 in) main armament and sank 33 km (18 nmi) off Calaburras with most of her crew. Canarias stopped to rescue 31 sailors from Almirante Ferrándiz and authorized a French merchantman to pick up others.
- Dionisio García Flórez. Buques de la Guerra Civil Española. Destructores" (Spanish Civil War Ships, destroyers) (in spanish). Library. ISBN 84-932284-7-8.
- Alejandro Ramírez (2003). La Batalla del Estrecho (The battle in the strait) (in spanish). Grupo Publicaciones del Sur. ISBN 84-95813-09-2.
- Hugh Thomas (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Modern Library. ISBN 0-375-75515-2.